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A Countrywide Survey in Saudi Arabia Regarding the Knowledge and Attitude of Health Care Professionals about Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)

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Internal Medicine Department, Medical College, Jouf University, Sakaka 72345, Saudi Arabia
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Oral Medicine & Radiology, Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery & Diagnostic Sciences, College of Dentistry, Jouf University, Sakaka 72345, Saudi Arabia
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Periodontics, Department of Preventive Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Jouf University, Sakaka 72345, Saudi Arabia
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Prosthodontics, Prosthetic Dental Sciences, College of Dentistry, Jouf University, Sakaka 72345, Saudi Arabia
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Nursing Department, College of Applied Medical Sciences, Jouf University, Sakaka 72345, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Oral Diagnostic Sciences, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah 80200, Saudi Arabia
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Orthodontics, Department of Preventive Dentistry, College of Dentistry, Jouf University, Sakaka 72345, Saudi Arabia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(20), 7415; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207415
Received: 24 September 2020 / Revised: 6 October 2020 / Accepted: 7 October 2020 / Published: 12 October 2020
Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has emerged as a pandemic. The updated knowledge and a positive attitude of health care professionals (HCPs) towards fighting any pandemic is the key to success. Thus, the present study aims to assess the knowledge and attitude of HCPs towards COVID-19 in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). A cross-sectional study was conducted across the KSA, covering its five geographical regions with a non-probability quota sample. Twenty-nine, close-ended questions evaluating the knowledge and attitude domain were included in the questionnaire. It was developed with the help of Qualtrics software and circulated among the HCPs through the electronic mode. We analyzed data from about 1040 HCPs using the statistical package of social sciences (SPSS) v.21. All variables were presented in number and percentages. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression was performed to explore the odds ratio (OR) and adjusted odds ratio (aOR) of independent variables for inadequate knowledge and attitude. Considering the “good” level of the respective domain, the HCPs have displayed better knowledge (48.2%) over attitude (33.8%). Female (aOR: 1.55; 95% CI: 1.15–2.09; p = 0.004), Diploma degree (aOR: 2.51; 95% CI: 1.64–3.83; p < 0.001), 7–10 years’ experience (aOR: 1.47; 95% CI: 1.01–2.15; p = 0.045) were at higher risk of having inadequate knowledge compared to their contemporaries. Among the sources, the Ministry of Health (MOH) website was the most popular source of information (76%). The knowledge and attitude of HCPs regarding COVID-19 was similar across all the regions of KSA. However, the continuing education program is warranted to fill the potential gap in knowledge for HCPs in higher-risk groups. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; knowledge; nomenclature; infection control; health care professionals; SARS-CoV2; coronavirus prevention; preparedness planning; 2019-nCoV COVID-19; knowledge; nomenclature; infection control; health care professionals; SARS-CoV2; coronavirus prevention; preparedness planning; 2019-nCoV
MDPI and ACS Style

Alduraywish, A.A.; Srivastava, K.C.; Shrivastava, D.; Sghaireen, M.G.; Alsharari, A.F.; Al-Johani, K.; Alam, M.K. A Countrywide Survey in Saudi Arabia Regarding the Knowledge and Attitude of Health Care Professionals about Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7415. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207415

AMA Style

Alduraywish AA, Srivastava KC, Shrivastava D, Sghaireen MG, Alsharari AF, Al-Johani K, Alam MK. A Countrywide Survey in Saudi Arabia Regarding the Knowledge and Attitude of Health Care Professionals about Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19). International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(20):7415. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207415

Chicago/Turabian Style

Alduraywish, Abdulrahman A., Kumar C. Srivastava, Deepti Shrivastava, Mohammed G. Sghaireen, Abdalkarem F. Alsharari, Khalid Al-Johani, and Mohammad K. Alam. 2020. "A Countrywide Survey in Saudi Arabia Regarding the Knowledge and Attitude of Health Care Professionals about Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19)" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 20: 7415. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207415

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