Next Article in Journal
Can Childcare Work Be Designed to Promote High Intensity Physical Activity for Improved Fitness and Health? A Proof of Concept Study of the Goldilocks Principle
Next Article in Special Issue
COVID-19 Pandemic: Epidemiology, Etiology, Conventional and Non-Conventional Therapies
Previous Article in Journal
Mental Well-Being (Depression, Loneliness, Insomnia, Daily Life Fatigue) during COVID-19 Related Home-Confinement—A Study from Poland
Previous Article in Special Issue
Stock Market Reactions to COVID-19 Pandemic Outbreak: Quantitative Evidence from ARDL Bounds Tests and Granger Causality Analysis
Article

Effect of Income Level and Perception of Susceptibility and Severity of COVID-19 on Stay-at-Home Preventive Behavior in a Group of Older Adults in Mexico City

1
Health Care Department, Metropolitan Autonomous University, Unit Xochimilco, Mexico City 04960, Mexico
2
Director of The Master Program of Family and Community Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, University of Sevilla, Street Avicenna, 41009 Sevilla, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(20), 7418; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207418
Received: 21 August 2020 / Revised: 26 September 2020 / Accepted: 9 October 2020 / Published: 12 October 2020
Early information on public health behaviors adopted to prevent the spread of coronavirus (COVID-19) may be useful in controlling the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) transmission. The objective of this study was to assess the role of income level (IL) and the perception of older adults, regarding COVID-19 susceptibility and severity, on adopting stay-at-home preventive behavior during the first week of the outbreak in Mexico. Participants in this cross-sectional study were urban community dwellers, aged ≥ 65 years from Mexico City. A total of 380 interviews were conducted over the phone. The mean respondent age was 72.9 years, and 76.1% were women. Over half (54.2%) of the participants perceived their susceptibility to COVID-19 as very low or low. Similarly, 33.4% perceived COVID-19 severity as being very low or low, and 57.6% had decided to stay at home: this behavior was associated with IL (β = 1.05, p < 0.001), and its total effect was partially mediated (15.1%) by perceived severity. Educational attainment was also associated with staying at home (β = 0.10, p = 0.018) and its total effect was partially mediated (15.0%) by perceived susceptibility. Interventions aimed at low income and less educated older adults should be developed to improve preventive behaviors in this vulnerable group during the COVID-19 pandemic. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; older adults; SARS-CoV-2; income level; educational status; quarantine; Mexico COVID-19; older adults; SARS-CoV-2; income level; educational status; quarantine; Mexico
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Irigoyen-Camacho, M.E.; Velazquez-Alva, M.C.; Zepeda-Zepeda, M.A.; Cabrer-Rosales, M.F.; Lazarevich, I.; Castaño-Seiquer, A. Effect of Income Level and Perception of Susceptibility and Severity of COVID-19 on Stay-at-Home Preventive Behavior in a Group of Older Adults in Mexico City. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 7418. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207418

AMA Style

Irigoyen-Camacho ME, Velazquez-Alva MC, Zepeda-Zepeda MA, Cabrer-Rosales MF, Lazarevich I, Castaño-Seiquer A. Effect of Income Level and Perception of Susceptibility and Severity of COVID-19 on Stay-at-Home Preventive Behavior in a Group of Older Adults in Mexico City. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(20):7418. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207418

Chicago/Turabian Style

Irigoyen-Camacho, Maria E., Maria C. Velazquez-Alva, Marco A. Zepeda-Zepeda, Maria F. Cabrer-Rosales, Irina Lazarevich, and Antonio Castaño-Seiquer. 2020. "Effect of Income Level and Perception of Susceptibility and Severity of COVID-19 on Stay-at-Home Preventive Behavior in a Group of Older Adults in Mexico City" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 20: 7418. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17207418

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop