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Article

Italian Response to Coronavirus Pandemic in Dental Care Access: The DeCADE Study

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Department of Clinical Specialistic and Dental Sciences, Polytechnic University of Marche, 60126 Ancona, Italy
2
Department of Management, Polytechnic University of Marche, 60121 Ancona, Italy
3
Centre of Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Information Technology, Polytechnic University of Marche, 60126 Ancona, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(19), 6977; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17196977
Received: 3 September 2020 / Revised: 19 September 2020 / Accepted: 21 September 2020 / Published: 24 September 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Dental Public Health: Issues, Challenges and Opportunities)
The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of the coronavirus pandemic on the willingness, anxiety and concerns of Italian people on undergoing dental appointments. An anonymous survey was posted online on social media on 11 May 2020 and was completed by 1003 respondents in one week. Multiple correspondence analysis and multiple logistic regression were used to evaluate the association between socio-demographic characteristics, dental care access, contagion fear of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), trust in dentists regarding sanitization procedures and perception of the impact of the risk of contagion on dental care. Subjects with a high level of education, attending public dental offices and that are used to go to dental offices for urgent care would not feel comfortable in undergoing a dental appointment and would prefer to postpone or cancel dental visits, waiting for a decrease in the number of the contagions. Moreover, the risk of canceling or postponing the appointment at the dentist was 1.59 times greater in those who claimed to be strongly influenced by SARS-CoV-2. Fear of coronavirus disease (COVID-19), new cases decrease and the not urgent nature of dental visits influenced more than the lowered income household on upcoming or resuming dental appointments. In the next months, despite the forecasted economic crisis caused by coronavirus pandemic, fear and anxiety generated by the spread of the virus will impact more than the lowered familiar income with regards to access to dental care. View Full-Text
Keywords: COVID-19; coronavirus; public opinion; dental care access; behavior; survey; consumer perception; anxiety COVID-19; coronavirus; public opinion; dental care access; behavior; survey; consumer perception; anxiety
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MDPI and ACS Style

Aquilanti, L.; Gallegati, S.; Temperini, V.; Ferrante, L.; Skrami, E.; Procaccini, M.; Rappelli, G. Italian Response to Coronavirus Pandemic in Dental Care Access: The DeCADE Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 6977. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17196977

AMA Style

Aquilanti L, Gallegati S, Temperini V, Ferrante L, Skrami E, Procaccini M, Rappelli G. Italian Response to Coronavirus Pandemic in Dental Care Access: The DeCADE Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(19):6977. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17196977

Chicago/Turabian Style

Aquilanti, Luca, Silvia Gallegati, Valerio Temperini, Luigi Ferrante, Edlira Skrami, Maurizio Procaccini, and Giorgio Rappelli. 2020. "Italian Response to Coronavirus Pandemic in Dental Care Access: The DeCADE Study" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 17, no. 19: 6977. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17196977

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