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Open AccessArticle

Mental Health Problems and Associated Factors in Chinese High School Students in Henan Province: A Cross-Sectional Study

by 1,*,†, 1,†, 2, 3, 1, 1 and 1
1
Faculty of Nursing, Health Science Center, Xi’an Jiaotong University, 76# Yanta West Road, Xi’an 710061, Shaanxi Province, China
2
School of Nursing, Nipissing University, 750 Dundas West, Room 209, Toronto, ON M6J3S3, Canada
3
Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, 13# Hang Kong Road, Wuhan 430030, Hubei Province, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Contributed equally.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17(16), 5944; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165944
Received: 31 July 2020 / Revised: 12 August 2020 / Accepted: 14 August 2020 / Published: 16 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Mental Health and Well-Being in Adolescence: Environment and Behavior)
Approximately one in five adolescents experience mental health problems globally. However, studies on mental health problems in Chinese high school students are few. Therefore, this study examined the status and associated factors of mental health problems in high school students in China. A stratified two-stage cluster sampling procedure was adopted, leading to a final sample of 15,055 participants from 46 high schools in all 17 provincial cities of Henan province, China. Self-reported questionnaires were used to collect the data. A mental health problems variable was assessed using the Mental Health Inventory of Middle School Students. The positive rate of mental health problems among high school students was 41.8%, with a male predominance (43.3% versus 40.2% in females; p < 0.01). The most frequent mental health problem was academic stress (58.9%). Higher grades, physical disease, chronic constipation, alcohol consumption, engagement in sexual behavior, residence on campus, and living in nonurban areas and with single-parent families were significantly associated with higher odds of having mental health problems (p < 0.05). We suggest that the prevention of mental health problems in high school students be strengthened, especially in students with physical illnesses, unhealthy behaviors, and single-parent families. View Full-Text
Keywords: adolescents; associated factors; China; mental health problems adolescents; associated factors; China; mental health problems
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MDPI and ACS Style

Luo, Y.; Cui, Z.; Zou, P.; Wang, K.; Lin, Z.; He, J.; Wang, J. Mental Health Problems and Associated Factors in Chinese High School Students in Henan Province: A Cross-Sectional Study. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 5944. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165944

AMA Style

Luo Y, Cui Z, Zou P, Wang K, Lin Z, He J, Wang J. Mental Health Problems and Associated Factors in Chinese High School Students in Henan Province: A Cross-Sectional Study. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2020; 17(16):5944. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165944

Chicago/Turabian Style

Luo, Yan; Cui, Zhenti; Zou, Ping; Wang, Kai; Lin, Zihan; He, Jinjie; Wang, Jing. 2020. "Mental Health Problems and Associated Factors in Chinese High School Students in Henan Province: A Cross-Sectional Study" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 17, no. 16: 5944. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17165944

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