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Physical Activity of Workers in a Hospital

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, St. Vincent’s Hospital, College of Medicine, The Catholic University of Korea, Seoul 16247, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(4), 532;
Received: 13 January 2019 / Revised: 8 February 2019 / Accepted: 11 February 2019 / Published: 13 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Health)
Purpose: This study aims to evaluate the physical activity of healthcare personnel and the affecting factors of physical activity (PA) in a hospital using an accelerometer device (Actigraph wGT3X-BT). Method: A total of 63 subjects (22 physicians, 19 nurses, and 23 supporting staff) participated and wore an accelerometer for seven days. Among the outputs, the mean counts for a minute, time spent for light, moderate, and vigorous intensity PA, and step count were extracted. As a secondary study, 16 subjects continued for one more week after feedback on their PA of the previous week and counseling to encourage PA. Result: Most of (62/63) the participants fulfilled the recommended amount of PA, which is more than 300 min of moderate to vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Physicians showed significantly less PA than nurses or supporting staffs: Mean counts per minute (210.4 vs. 476.0 and 441.8 respectively), time in MVPA per week (904.7 min vs. 1471.3 min and 1451.0 min), and step counts per week (69,029 vs. 87,119 and 84,700) (p < 0.001). Nurses and supporting staff were not statistically different. There was no significant difference in the PA of workers in the hospital regarding gender and marital status. However, the average calorie expenditure of the child raising group was significantly higher. There was no statistically significant difference in PA before and after counseling. No participants reported a vigorous degree of exercise intensity over the study period. Conclusion: Most of the healthcare personnel met the recommended PA, however, only 57% (36/63) recalled having engaged in MVPA during the study period. The group of physicians showed less PA compared to nurses or supporting staff. Single check-up and counseling were not found to increase PA. View Full-Text
Keywords: occupational health; physical activity; healthcare worker occupational health; physical activity; healthcare worker
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MDPI and ACS Style

Jun, S.Y.; Kim, J.; Choi, H.; Kim, J.S.; Lim, S.H.; Sul, B.; Hong, B.Y. Physical Activity of Workers in a Hospital. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 532.

AMA Style

Jun SY, Kim J, Choi H, Kim JS, Lim SH, Sul B, Hong BY. Physical Activity of Workers in a Hospital. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(4):532.

Chicago/Turabian Style

Jun, So Y., Jaewon Kim, Hyehoon Choi, Joon S. Kim, Seong H. Lim, Bomi Sul, and Bo Y. Hong. 2019. "Physical Activity of Workers in a Hospital" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 4: 532.

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