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Open AccessArticle

Promoting Factors for Physical Activity in Children with Asthma Explored through Concept Mapping

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Digital Life Center, University of Applied Sciences Amsterdam, Wibautstraat 2, 1091 GM Amsterdam, The Netherlands
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ACHIEVE, University of Applied Sciences Amsterdam, Tafelbergweg 51, 1105 BD Amsterdam, The Netherlands
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Department of Pediatric Pulmonology, Tergooi Hilversum, van Riebeeckweg 212, 1213 XZ Hilversum, The Netherlands
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Department of Pediatric Pulmonology, Academic Medical Center Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 9, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands
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Department of Pediatrics, Kinderkliniek Almere, Hospitaaldreef 29, 1315 RB Almere, The Netherlands
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Department of Rehabilitation, Academic Medical Center Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 9, 1105 AZ Amsterdam, The Netherlands
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Informatics Institute, University of Amsterdam, Science Park 904, 1098 XH Amsterdam, The Netherlands
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Department of Public and Occupational Health, Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute, Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Van der Boechorststraat 7, 1081 BT Amsterdam, The Netherlands
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(22), 4467; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16224467
Received: 25 September 2019 / Revised: 6 November 2019 / Accepted: 8 November 2019 / Published: 13 November 2019
For children with asthma, physical activity (PA) can decrease the impact of their asthma. Thus far, effective PA promoting interventions for this group are lacking. To develop an intervention, the current study aimed to identify perspectives on physical activity of children with asthma, their parents, and healthcare providers. Children with asthma between 8 and 12 years old (n = 25), their parents (n = 17), and healthcare providers (n = 21) participated in a concept mapping study. Participants generated ideas that would help children with asthma to become more physically active. They sorted all ideas and rated their importance on influencing PA. Clusters were created with multidimensional scaling and cluster analysis. The researchers labelled the clusters as either environmental or personal factors using the Physical Activity for people with a Disability model. In total, 26 unique clusters were generated, of which 17 were labelled as environmental factors and 9 as personal factors. Important factors that promote physical activity in children with asthma according to all participating groups are asthma control, stimulating environments and relatives, and adapted facilities suiting the child’s needs. These factors, supported by the future users, enable developing an intervention that helps healthcare providers to promote PA in children with asthma. View Full-Text
Keywords: concept mapping; physical activity; exercise; asthma; children; parents; healthcare providers concept mapping; physical activity; exercise; asthma; children; parents; healthcare providers
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Brons, A.; Braam, K.; Timmerman, A.; Broekema, A.; Visser, B.; van Ewijk, B.; Terheggen-Lagro, S.; Rutjes, N.; van Leersum, H.; Engelbert, R.; Kröse, B.; Chinapaw, M.; Altenburg, T. Promoting Factors for Physical Activity in Children with Asthma Explored through Concept Mapping. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4467.

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