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Open AccessArticle

Evaluation of the Human Interference on the Microbial Diversity of Poyang Lake Using High-Throughput Sequencing Analyses

1
Key Laboratory of Poyang Lake Environment and Resource Utilization, Ministry of Education, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, China
2
School of Life Sciences, Qufu Normal University, Qufu 273165, China
3
National Engineering Research Center for Bioengineering Drugs and the Technologies, Institute of Translational Medicine, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330031, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(21), 4218; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214218
Received: 27 September 2019 / Revised: 19 October 2019 / Accepted: 29 October 2019 / Published: 30 October 2019
The Poyang Lake Watershed (PLW) is regarded as an air temperature moderator, as well as a wind energy, food resources and good habitat in the Jiangxi Province, People’s Republic of China. However, with the increasing of anthropogenic disturbance on PLW, there are few studies focused on the effects of human activities on microbial composition in Poyang Lake. In the present study, a high-throughput sequencing method was used to identify the microbial composition in water and sludge in Dahuchi (DHC, sub-lake of Poyang Lake National Nature Reserve), Shahu (SH, sub-lake of Poyang Lake National Nature Reserve), Nanhu (NH, sub-lake out of Poyang Lake National Nature Reserve), Zhelinhu (ZLH, artificial reservoir), Sixiahu (SXH, sub-lake artificially isolated from Poyang Lake) and Qianhu (QH, urban lake). Results of the present study illustrated the various bacterial diversity between different lakes, for example, at the phylum level, Actinobacteria and Cyanobacteria showed low abundance in water samples of ZLH and QH, and high abundance in DHC. In addition, anthropogenic disturbance and human activities decreased the abundance of probiotic bacteria (Actinobacteria, Cyanobacteria, Chloroflexi and Acidobacteria) and increased the abundance of pathogenic bacteria (Acinetobacter, Aeromonas and Noviherbaspirillum). The enrichment of pathogenic bacteria in polluted lakes, in turn, may cause potential threats to human health. View Full-Text
Keywords: Poyang Lake watershed; bacteria; high-throughput sequencing; anthropogenic disturbance; water; sludge Poyang Lake watershed; bacteria; high-throughput sequencing; anthropogenic disturbance; water; sludge
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MDPI and ACS Style

Qin, H.; Cui, L.; Cao, X.; Lv, Q.; Chen, T. Evaluation of the Human Interference on the Microbial Diversity of Poyang Lake Using High-Throughput Sequencing Analyses. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4218. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214218

AMA Style

Qin H, Cui L, Cao X, Lv Q, Chen T. Evaluation of the Human Interference on the Microbial Diversity of Poyang Lake Using High-Throughput Sequencing Analyses. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(21):4218. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214218

Chicago/Turabian Style

Qin, Haiming; Cui, Lanyue; Cao, Xinyi; Lv, Qian; Chen, Tingtao. 2019. "Evaluation of the Human Interference on the Microbial Diversity of Poyang Lake Using High-Throughput Sequencing Analyses" Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 21: 4218. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214218

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