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Article

Climate-Driven Adaptation, Household Capital, and Nutritional Outcomes among Farmers in Eswatini

1
University of Colorado Boulder Environmental Studies Program, University of Colorado Boulder, 4001 Discovery Dr., Boulder, CO 80303, USA
2
Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation, University of Florida, 110 Newins-Ziegler Hall, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
3
School of Forest Resources and Conservation, University of Florida, 136 Newins-Ziegler Hall, Gainesville, FL 32611, USA
4
Department of Environmental and Global Health, University of Florida, 1225 Center Drive Gainesville, FL 32610, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(21), 4063; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214063
Received: 17 June 2019 / Revised: 16 October 2019 / Accepted: 18 October 2019 / Published: 23 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Climate Change Adaptation and Risk Reduction)
Globally, communities are increasingly impacted by the stressors of climate change. In response, people may adapt to maintain their livelihoods and overall health and nutrition. However, the relationship between climate adaptation and human nutrition is poorly understood and results of adaptation are often unclear. We investigated the relationship between adaptation and child nutrition, in Eswatini (formerly Swaziland) during an extreme drought. Households varied in both adaptation behavior and household resources and we found that, overall, households that adapted had better child nutrition than those that didn’t adapt. When controlling for the influence of household capital, we found that more vulnerable households, those with greater dependence on natural resources and lower income, had a stronger positive relationship between adaptation and nutrition than less vulnerable households. We also found that some adaptations had stronger positive relationships with nutrition than others. In our system, the adaptation that most strongly correlated with improved nutrition, selling chickens, most likely benefits from local social networksand consistent demand, and performed better than other adaptations. Our results emphasize the need to measure adaptation outcomes and identify and support the types of adaptations are most likely to improve nutrition in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; adaptation; drought; capital; nutrition; Eswatini; anthropometrics climate change; adaptation; drought; capital; nutrition; Eswatini; anthropometrics
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bailey, K.M.; McCleery, R.A.; Barnes, G.; McKune, S.L. Climate-Driven Adaptation, Household Capital, and Nutritional Outcomes among Farmers in Eswatini. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4063. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214063

AMA Style

Bailey KM, McCleery RA, Barnes G, McKune SL. Climate-Driven Adaptation, Household Capital, and Nutritional Outcomes among Farmers in Eswatini. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(21):4063. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214063

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bailey, Karen M., Robert A. McCleery, Grenville Barnes, and Sarah L. McKune. 2019. "Climate-Driven Adaptation, Household Capital, and Nutritional Outcomes among Farmers in Eswatini" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 21: 4063. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214063

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