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Article

Further Insights on Predictors of Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure during the Pediatric Age

1
Department of Public Health and Infectious Diseases, Sapienza University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy
2
Biomedicine and Advanced Technologies Rieti Center, “Sabina Universitas”, 02100 Rieti, Italy
3
Department of Experimental Medicine, Sapienza University of Rome, 00185 Rome, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(21), 4062; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214062
Received: 12 September 2019 / Revised: 20 October 2019 / Accepted: 21 October 2019 / Published: 23 October 2019
Background: The smoking ban in public places has reduced Environmental Tobacco Smoke (ETS) exposure for non-smokers, but despite this, domestic environments still remain places at high risk of exposure, and, today, about 40% of children worldwide are exposed to ETS at home. The aims of the study are to investigate the contribution of several factors on ETS exposure among a group of Italian children and to evaluate the changes in smoking precautions adopted at home when the smoker is the mother, the father, or both parents, respectively. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed on a sample of 519 Italian schoolchildren. Information was collected via a questionnaire. Results: 41.4% of the participants lived with at least one smoker. Almost half of the children exposed to ETS lived with one or more smokers who do not observe any home smoking ban. Lower maternal or paternal educational levels significantly increase the risk of ETS exposure at home and the “worst case” is represented by both parents who smoke. Conclusions: More effective preventive interventions are needed to protect children from ETS exposure. Some interventions should be specifically dedicated to smokers with a low educational level and to mothers that smoke. View Full-Text
Keywords: Environmental Tobacco Smoke; home smoking policies; smoking ban; ethnicity; educational level; children Environmental Tobacco Smoke; home smoking policies; smoking ban; ethnicity; educational level; children
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MDPI and ACS Style

Protano, C.; Cammalleri, V.; Antonucci, A.; Ungureanu, A.S.; Santilli, F.; Martellucci, S.; Mattei, V.; Vitali, M. Further Insights on Predictors of Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure during the Pediatric Age. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 4062. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214062

AMA Style

Protano C, Cammalleri V, Antonucci A, Ungureanu AS, Santilli F, Martellucci S, Mattei V, Vitali M. Further Insights on Predictors of Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure during the Pediatric Age. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(21):4062. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214062

Chicago/Turabian Style

Protano, Carmela, Vittoria Cammalleri, Arianna Antonucci, Alexandra Sabina Ungureanu, Francesa Santilli, Stefano Martellucci, Vincenzo Mattei, and Matteo Vitali. 2019. "Further Insights on Predictors of Environmental Tobacco Smoke Exposure during the Pediatric Age" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 16, no. 21: 4062. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16214062

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