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Patient Education and Continuing Medical Education to Promote Shared Decision-Making. A Systematic Literature Review

Institute of Occupational and Social Medicine and Health Service Research, University Hospital Tübingen, Wilhelmstraße 27, 72074 Tübingen, Germany
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Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(14), 2482; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16142482
Received: 6 June 2019 / Revised: 4 July 2019 / Accepted: 10 July 2019 / Published: 12 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Quality Care through Structured Health Service Improvement)
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Abstract

Background: Over recent years, the use of decision aids to promote shared decision-making have been examined. Studies on patient education and on continuing medical education for physicians are less common. This review analyzes intervention and evaluation studies on patient education and continuing medical education which aim to enhance shared decision-making. The following study parameters are of interest: Study designs, objectives, numbers of participants in the education courses, interventions, primary results, and quality of the studies. Methods: We systematically searched for suitable studies in two databases (Pubmed and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews) from the beginning of April through to mid-June 2016. Results: 16 studies from a total of 462 hits were included: Three studies on patient education and 13 studies on continuing medical education for physicians. Overall, the study parameters were heterogeneous. Major differences were found between the courses; how the courses were conducted, their length, and participants. Conclusions: The differences found in the studies made it difficult to compare the interventions and the results. There is a need for studies that systematically evaluate and further develop interventions in this area to promote shared decision-making. View Full-Text
Keywords: shared decision-making; patient involvement; patient education; continuing medical education; literature review shared decision-making; patient involvement; patient education; continuing medical education; literature review
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Wagner, A.; Radionova, N.; Rieger, M.A.; Siegel, A. Patient Education and Continuing Medical Education to Promote Shared Decision-Making. A Systematic Literature Review. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2482.

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