Sense of Coherence and Connectedness to Nature as Predictors of Motivation for Practicing Karate
AbstractBackground: Physical activity yields exceptionally positive results when it takes place out in the open air, in contact with nature. Both contact with nature and practicing sport constitute a certain kind of philosophy of life and living by its rules plays a vital role in positive mental health―understood as maintaining a high sense of coherence. Martial arts are examples of sports that are rooted in a philosophy. The goal of this study was to explore the links between a sense of coherence and connectedness to nature in the context of motivations for practicing karate. Methods: A total of 127 practitioners of karate were examined using the Inventory of Physical Activity Objectives (IPAO), the Sense of Coherence Questionnaire, and the Connectedness to Nature Scale. Results: The most important objective for women training karate was a fit, shapely body, and for men the most important objective was physical fitness. Connectedness to nature had the strongest positive relationship with the measure of physical fitness (in both genders). A sense of comprehensibility increased men’s motivational conflict, whereas, in women, this IPAO dimension was positively related to feeling emotionally connected to the natural world. Connectedness to nature was related to motivational conflict positively in women and negatively in men. Feeling emotionally connected to the natural world correlated with a sense of comprehensibility, a sense of manageability, and a sense of meaningfulness. Sense of comprehensibility and sense of meaningfulness tended to increase with age. Conclusions: Understanding both the natural environment and the utility of setting sport-related goals led to increasing one’s efforts on the way to both successes and defeats, and, most of all, overcoming one’s weaknesses. View Full-Text
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Lipowski, M.; Krokosz, D.; Łada, A.; Sližik, M.; Pasek, M. Sense of Coherence and Connectedness to Nature as Predictors of Motivation for Practicing Karate. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2483.
Lipowski M, Krokosz D, Łada A, Sližik M, Pasek M. Sense of Coherence and Connectedness to Nature as Predictors of Motivation for Practicing Karate. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2019; 16(14):2483.Chicago/Turabian Style
Lipowski, Mariusz; Krokosz, Daniel; Łada, Ariadna; Sližik, Miroslav; Pasek, Marcin. 2019. "Sense of Coherence and Connectedness to Nature as Predictors of Motivation for Practicing Karate." Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 16, no. 14: 2483.
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