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Open AccessArticle

Physical Activity and Mental Toughness as Antecedents of Academic Burnout among School Students: A Latent Profile Approach

by Peggy Cheung 1 and Chunxiao Li 2,*
1
Department of Health and Physical Education, The Education University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
2
National Institute of Education, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore 637616, Singapore
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16(11), 2024; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph16112024
Received: 8 May 2019 / Revised: 30 May 2019 / Accepted: 4 June 2019 / Published: 6 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Physical Activity and Mental Health)
Background: The purpose of the current survey-based study was to identify patterns of academic burnout and their antecedents among secondary school students. Methods: Secondary school students (n = 1209) completed a survey measuring academic burnout, physical activity, and mental toughness. Results: Using latent profile analyses, three burnout profiles were identified: a “moderately engaged group” (n = 699; 57.8%), a “burnout group” (n = 389; 32.2%), and a “well-functioning group” (n = 121; 10.0%). Group comparisons revealed that the “well-functioning group” reported significantly higher levels of physical activity and mental toughness than the other two groups. Conclusions: These findings suggest that lack of physical activity and mental toughness are potential risk factors for academic burnout. These findings may inform the development of intervention programs for academic burnout. View Full-Text
Keywords: school burnout; mental toughness; physical activity; adolescence; person-oriented approach school burnout; mental toughness; physical activity; adolescence; person-oriented approach
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Cheung, P.; Li, C. Physical Activity and Mental Toughness as Antecedents of Academic Burnout among School Students: A Latent Profile Approach. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2019, 16, 2024.

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