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Open AccessArticle

Level of and Factors Determining Physical Activity in Students in Ukraine and the Visegrad Countries

1
Pope John Paul II State School of Higher Education, 21-500 Biala Podlaska, Poland
2
Institute of Physical Education and Health, Lesya Ukrainka Eastern European National University, 43025 Lutsk, Ukraine
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Department of Physical Rehabilitation, Human Health and Physical Education, I. Horbachevsky Ternopil State Medical University, 46001 Ternopil, Ukraine
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Institute of Physiotherapy and Sport Science, University of Pécs, H-7623 Pécs, Hungary
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Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Kosice, Institute of Physical Education and Sport, 041 80 Košice, Slovak
6
Faculty of Physical Culture, Palacky University of Olomunec, 771 47 Olomouc, The Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(8), 1738; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15081738
Received: 24 July 2018 / Revised: 8 August 2018 / Accepted: 11 August 2018 / Published: 13 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Effect of Sport Activity on Health Promotion)
Background: Examining the level of physical activity in students is a vital issue as these young people are the future social elite. Methods: The research was conducted in the years 2013–2016 and comprised 5008 males and females, mean age of 20.5 ± 2.1 years, including 2237 (55.3%) students from students from Eastern European National University, Lutsk, and Ternopil State Medical University, Ukraine, as well as 2237 (44.7%) from the Visegrad countries, i.e., University of Pécs in Hungary, University in Kosice, Slovakia, University of Olomunec in the Czech Republic and the State School of Higher Education in Biała Podlaska, Poland. It applied a diagnostic survey—the extended version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ), supplemented with original questions regarding body weight, height, self-assessment of physical fitness and amount of leisure time. Results: The comparison of students’ PA from selected European countries, members of the Visegrad group and Ukraine, is particularly vital to the latter country as it demonstrates a different level of socio-economic development. There was noted a significantly higher level of physical activity in students from the Visegrad countries than in Ukraine. Further, there was an overall lower level of physical activity in females compared to males. What was positive about the studied samples was a healthy BMI index in the majority of the male and female respondents, with a significantly higher indicator in Ukraine. Conclusions: Among the factors significantly affecting higher physical activity in both researched samples were the BMI and high self-assessment of physical fitness. There was no significant variation in the level of physical activity and the amount of leisure time, both in those studying in the Visegrad states and Ukraine. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; IPAQ; students; BMI; self-assessment of physical fitness; leisure time; gender physical activity; IPAQ; students; BMI; self-assessment of physical fitness; leisure time; gender
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Bergier, J.; Tsos, A.; Popovych, D.; Bergier, B.; Niźnikowska, E.; Ács, P.; Junger, J.; Salonna, F. Level of and Factors Determining Physical Activity in Students in Ukraine and the Visegrad Countries. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1738.

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