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Article

Nurses’ Attitudes toward, and Needs for Online Learning: Differences between Rural and Urban Hospitals in Shanghai, East China

1
School of Nursing, Fudan University, Shanghai 200032, China
2
The Nethersole School of Nursing, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, N.T., Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Shatin, Hongkong 999077, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(7), 1495; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071495
Received: 10 June 2018 / Revised: 8 July 2018 / Accepted: 13 July 2018 / Published: 15 July 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Rural Health Care)
Health professionals need continuing education to maintain their qualifications and competency. Online learning increases the accessibility and flexibility of continuing education. Assessment of nurses’ attitudes toward, and needs for, online learning can provide suggestions regarding learning program design and delivery. This study aimed to evaluate Chinese nurses’ attitudes toward, and needs for, online learning, and to explore the differences in attitudes and needs between nurses working in rural and urban hospitals. This work is a secondary analysis of a multicenter cross-sectional study conducted in Shanghai in 2015 (n = 550). Multiple regression techniques were used to determine the factors associated with nurses’ attitudes toward, and needs for, online learning. Results showed that nurses in rural hospitals had more positive attitudes toward online learning (102.7 ± 14.2) than those in urban hospitals (98.3 ± 12.9) (p < 0.001). For rural hospitals, nurses who could use computers and access the internet in their workplace reported more positive attitudes than those who could not. For urban hospitals, nurse educators showed significantly more positive attitudes than others. Communication skills (86.5%) and patient education (86.3%) were the most commonly-reported learning needs for nurses regardless of their working settings. Chinese nurses were willing to adopt online learning as a continuing education method. Nurses working in rural hospitals displayed more positive attitudes toward, and needs for, online learning than those working in urban hospitals. Nursing educators and managers should develop online learning programs and provide appropriate support to fulfill nurses’ learning needs, especially for those working in rural healthcare settings. View Full-Text
Keywords: nurse; online learning; continuing education; attitudes; needs; rural nurse; online learning; continuing education; attitudes; needs; rural
MDPI and ACS Style

Xing, W.; Ao, L.; Xiao, H.; Cheng, L.; Liang, Y.; Wang, J. Nurses’ Attitudes toward, and Needs for Online Learning: Differences between Rural and Urban Hospitals in Shanghai, East China. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1495. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071495

AMA Style

Xing W, Ao L, Xiao H, Cheng L, Liang Y, Wang J. Nurses’ Attitudes toward, and Needs for Online Learning: Differences between Rural and Urban Hospitals in Shanghai, East China. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(7):1495. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071495

Chicago/Turabian Style

Xing, Weijie, Linjun Ao, Huiting Xiao, Li Cheng, Yan Liang, and Junqiao Wang. 2018. "Nurses’ Attitudes toward, and Needs for Online Learning: Differences between Rural and Urban Hospitals in Shanghai, East China" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15, no. 7: 1495. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15071495

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