Next Article in Journal
Modeling the Heterogeneity of Dengue Transmission in a City
Previous Article in Journal
Assessing the Linkages between Knowledge and Use of Veterinary Antibiotics by Pig Farmers in Rural China
Article Menu
Issue 6 (June) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle

Implementation of Brain Breaks® in the Classroom and Effects on Attitudes toward Physical Activity in a Macedonian School Setting

1
Faculty of Educational Sciences, Goce Delcev University, Krste Misirkov 10–A, Stip 2000, Macedonia
2
HOPSports, Inc., 4262 Blue Diamond Road #102-359, Las Vegas, NV 89139, USA
3
Human Performance Center, University of Northern Iowa, 105, Cedar Falls, IA 50614, USA
4
Department of Psychology and Assessment Research Centre, The Education University of Hong Kong, 10 Lo Ping Road, Tai Pol, Hong Kong, China
5
Faculty for Physical Education, Sport and Health, University “St. Chyril and Methodius”, Zeleznicka bb, Skopje 1000, Macedonia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(6), 1127; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15061127
Received: 11 April 2018 / Revised: 21 May 2018 / Accepted: 27 May 2018 / Published: 31 May 2018
  |  
PDF [858 KB, uploaded 31 May 2018]
  |  

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of Brain Break® activities on interest and motivation for physical activity among schoolchildren and the contribution of such activities on learning for health and holistic development. The study sample was comprised of 283 participants, primary school students from 3rd to 5th grades from two public schools in the Republic of Macedonia. Six experimental and six control groups were included in the study. Interventions in classroom settings—based Brain Break® video exercises were introduced in the experimental group during a period of three months. Students’ attitudes toward physical activity were tested using a self-report survey instrument entitled “Attitudes toward Physical Activity Scale (APAS)” before and after intervention. Applied factor analyses were completed and the results of these analysis support APAS validity and the successful use of this application in the measurement of the learning experience, self-awareness, self-efficacy, and self-confidence in developing physical fitness. Learning was enhanced by using video exercises. Information presented in this paper is meaningful for the promotion of better exercise habits and the holistic approach to better health by using personal motivation and motivation provided by others. The results from repeated ANCOVA suggest positive effects of the applied Brain Break® video exercises as an interventional program. The study confirms the effect of application of Brain Break® video exercises on children’s attitudes for physical activity, motivation for PA, internalization of movement habits as personal good. View Full-Text
Keywords: video exercises; primary school children; physical activity; attitudes; Brain Breaks® video exercises; primary school children; physical activity; attitudes; Brain Breaks®
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Popeska, B.; Jovanova-Mitkovska, S.; Chin, M.-K.; Edginton, C.R.; Mo Ching Mok, M.; Gontarev, S. Implementation of Brain Breaks® in the Classroom and Effects on Attitudes toward Physical Activity in a Macedonian School Setting. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 1127.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health EISSN 1660-4601 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top