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Article

Sedentary Behaviour in Swiss Children and Adolescents: Disentangling Associations with the Perceived and Objectively Measured Environment

1
Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Socinstrasse 57, 4051 Basel, Switzerland
2
University of Basel, Petersplatz 1, 4051 Basel, Switzerland
3
Institute of Sport Sciences, University of Lausanne, 1015 Lausanne, Switzerland
4
Institute of Public Communication, University della Svizzera italiana, Via G. Buffi 13, 6900 Lugano, Switzerland
5
Swiss Federal Institute of Sport Magglingen SFISM, 2532 Magglingen, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(5), 918; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15050918
Received: 13 April 2018 / Revised: 27 April 2018 / Accepted: 3 May 2018 / Published: 4 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Sedentary Behaviour and Health)
Identifying correlates of sedentary behaviour across all levels of the ecological model and understanding their interrelations is a promising method to plan effective interventions. The present study examined whether the objectively assessed and the perceived neighbourhood are associated with children’s sedentary behaviour time (SBT). A comprehensive set of factors at different levels of influence across the ecological model were taken into account and analysed for mediating and modifying effects. Analyses were based on 1306 children and adolescents (6–16 years) participating in the population-based SOPHYA-study. Accelerometers were used to assess SBT, the perceived environment was examined by a validated parental questionnaire, and objective environmental data were allocated using GIS (ArcMap 10.2, Esri, Redlands, CA, USA) for each family’s residential address. A high perceived safety was associated with less SBT. Boys, those whose residential neighbourhood was characterized by dead ends in urban areas, a low main street density in the neighbourhood of children and greenness were less likely to exhibit SBT. The association of the objective environment with the respective parental perceptions was low and no significant mediating effect was found for the perceived environment. We conclude for land-use planning to reduce sedentary behaviour objective environments should be complemented with efforts to increase parental sense of security. View Full-Text
Keywords: sedentary behaviour; accelerometer; home environment; perceived environment; GIS; objective environment; children; adolescents; neighbourhood; social environment; urbanicity; walkability; public health sedentary behaviour; accelerometer; home environment; perceived environment; GIS; objective environment; children; adolescents; neighbourhood; social environment; urbanicity; walkability; public health
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MDPI and ACS Style

Bringolf-Isler, B.; De Hoogh, K.; Schindler, C.; Kayser, B.; Suggs, L.S.; Dössegger, A.; Probst-Hensch, N.; The SOPHYA Study Group. Sedentary Behaviour in Swiss Children and Adolescents: Disentangling Associations with the Perceived and Objectively Measured Environment. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 918. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15050918

AMA Style

Bringolf-Isler B, De Hoogh K, Schindler C, Kayser B, Suggs LS, Dössegger A, Probst-Hensch N, The SOPHYA Study Group. Sedentary Behaviour in Swiss Children and Adolescents: Disentangling Associations with the Perceived and Objectively Measured Environment. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2018; 15(5):918. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15050918

Chicago/Turabian Style

Bringolf-Isler, Bettina, Kees De Hoogh, Christian Schindler, Bengt Kayser, L. S. Suggs, Alain Dössegger, Nicole Probst-Hensch, and The SOPHYA Study Group. 2018. "Sedentary Behaviour in Swiss Children and Adolescents: Disentangling Associations with the Perceived and Objectively Measured Environment" International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health 15, no. 5: 918. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15050918

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