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Open AccessArticle

Active Ottumwa: Adapting Evidence-Based Recommendations to Promote Physical Activity in a Micropolitan New Destination Community

1
University of Iowa Prevention Research Center, Department of Community and Behavioral Health, University of Iowa College of Public Health, 145 N. Riverside Dr., Iowa City, IA 52240, USA
2
Department of Internal Medicine, University of Iowa Carver College of Medicine, 451 Newton Rd., Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
3
Department of Biostatistics, University of Iowa College of Public Health, 145 N. Riverside Dr., Iowa City, IA 52240, USA
4
Department of Health and Human Physiology, University of Iowa College of Liberal Arts and Sciences, 240 Schaeffer Hall, Iowa City, IA 52242, USA
5
Community Advisory Board representative, Ottumwa Prevention Research Center office, 205 E. Main St., Ottumwa, IA 52556, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15(5), 917; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph15050917
Received: 1 March 2018 / Revised: 26 April 2018 / Accepted: 30 April 2018 / Published: 4 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Community Health Intervention to Reduce Chronic Disease)
Background: Evidence-based interventions have been developed and tested to promote physical activity, but fewer studies have focused on identifying effective intervention strategies for mid-size rural communities, especially new immigrant destinations. We report here on the design and implementation of Active Ottumwa, a community-wide intervention using a lay health advisor approach to increase physical activity in a micropolitan new destination community in the rural state of Iowa. Methods: The Active Ottumwa study is part of a community-academic partnership in Ottumwa, IA. Evidence-based strategies recommended by the Community Guide for Preventive Services guided study implementation and included behavioral and social, campaign and informational, and environmental and policy approaches. Evaluation methods for this study are multi-faceted and include a cross-sectional community survey, longitudinal cohort assessment, observational data, key informant interviews, and project records. Results: We are currently in our second year of intervention implementation, with 45 lay health advisors (termed physical activity leaders here) trained to carry out behavioral and social intervention approaches, including walking groups, tai chi, and yoga. We have completed a communication and informational campaign utilizing five channels. Our longitudinal cohort has been recruited, with baseline and 12-month data collection completed. Conclusions: This study will assess the effectiveness and impact of a community-wide intervention to support physical activity. View Full-Text
Keywords: physical activity; intervention; community prevention; lay health advising physical activity; intervention; community prevention; lay health advising
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Baquero, B.; Kava, C.M.; Ashida, S.; Daniel-Ulloa, J.; Laroche, H.H.; Haines, H.; Bucklin, R.; Maldonado, A.; Coronado Garcia, M.; Berto, S.; Sewell, D.; Novak, N.; Janz, K.; Gates, C.; Parker, E.A. Active Ottumwa: Adapting Evidence-Based Recommendations to Promote Physical Activity in a Micropolitan New Destination Community. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2018, 15, 917.

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