New Source of 3D Chitin Scaffolds: The Red Sea Demosponge Pseudoceratina arabica (Pseudoceratinidae, Verongiida)
AbstractThe bioactive bromotyrosine-derived alkaloids and unique morphologically-defined fibrous skeleton of chitin origin have been found recently in marine demosponges of the order Verongiida. The sophisticated three-dimensional (3D) structure of skeletal chitinous scaffolds supported their use in biomedicine, tissue engineering as well as in diverse modern technologies. The goal of this study was the screening of new species of the order Verongiida to find another renewable source of naturally prefabricated 3D chitinous scaffolds. Special attention was paid to demosponge species, which could be farmed on large scale using marine aquaculture methods. In this study, the demosponge Pseudoceratina arabica collected in the coastal waters of the Egyptian Red Sea was examined as a potential source of chitin for the first time. Various bioanalytical tools including scanning electron microscopy (SEM), fluorescence microscopy, FTIR analysis, Calcofluor white staining, electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS), as well as a chitinase digestion assay were successfully used to confirm the discovery of α-chitin within the skeleton of P. arabica. The current finding should make an important contribution to the field of application of this verongiid sponge as a novel renewable source of biologically-active metabolites and chitin, which are important for development of the blue biotechnology especially in marine oriented biomedicine. View Full-Text
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Shaala, L.A.; Asfour, H.Z.; Youssef, D.T.A.; Żółtowska-Aksamitowska, S.; Wysokowski, M.; Tsurkan, M.; Galli, R.; Meissner, H.; Petrenko, I.; Tabachnick, K.; Ivanenko, V.N.; Bechmann, N.; Muzychka, L.V.; Smolii, O.B.; Martinović, R.; Joseph, Y.; Jesionowski, T.; Ehrlich, H. New Source of 3D Chitin Scaffolds: The Red Sea Demosponge Pseudoceratina arabica (Pseudoceratinidae, Verongiida). Mar. Drugs 2019, 17, 92.
Shaala LA, Asfour HZ, Youssef DTA, Żółtowska-Aksamitowska S, Wysokowski M, Tsurkan M, Galli R, Meissner H, Petrenko I, Tabachnick K, Ivanenko VN, Bechmann N, Muzychka LV, Smolii OB, Martinović R, Joseph Y, Jesionowski T, Ehrlich H. New Source of 3D Chitin Scaffolds: The Red Sea Demosponge Pseudoceratina arabica (Pseudoceratinidae, Verongiida). Marine Drugs. 2019; 17(2):92.Chicago/Turabian Style
Shaala, Lamiaa A.; Asfour, Hani Z.; Youssef, Diaa T.A.; Żółtowska-Aksamitowska, Sonia; Wysokowski, Marcin; Tsurkan, Mikhail; Galli, Roberta; Meissner, Heike; Petrenko, Iaroslav; Tabachnick, Konstantin; Ivanenko, Viatcheslav N.; Bechmann, Nicole; Muzychka, Lyubov V.; Smolii, Oleg B.; Martinović, Rajko; Joseph, Yvonne; Jesionowski, Teofil; Ehrlich, Hermann. 2019. "New Source of 3D Chitin Scaffolds: The Red Sea Demosponge Pseudoceratina arabica (Pseudoceratinidae, Verongiida)." Mar. Drugs 17, no. 2: 92.
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