Neurymenolide A, a Novel Mitotic Spindle Poison from the New Caledonian Rhodophyta Phacelocarpus neurymenioides
AbstractThe marine α-pyrone macrolide neurymenolide A was previously isolated from the Fijian red macroalga, Neurymenia fraxinifolia, and characterized as an antibacterial agent against antibiotic-resistant strains that also exhibited moderate cytotoxicity in vitro against cancer cell lines. This compound was also shown to exhibit allelopathic effects on Scleractinian corals. However, to date no mechanism of action has been described in the literature. The present study showed, for the first time, the isolation of neurymenolide A from the New Caledonian Rhodophyta, Phacelocarpus neurymenioides. We confirmed the compound’s moderate cytotoxicity in vitro against several human cell lines, including solid and hematological malignancies. Furthermore, we combined fluorescence microscopy and flow cytometry to demonstrate that treatment of U-2 OS osteosarcoma human cells with neurymenolide A could block cell division in prometaphase by inhibiting the correct formation of the mitotic spindle, which induced a mitotic catastrophe that led to necrosis and apoptosis. Absolute configuration of the stereogenic center C-17 of neurymenolide A was deduced by comparison of the experimental and theoretical circular dichroism spectra. Since the total synthesis of this compound has already been described, our findings open new avenues in cancer treatment for this class of marine molecules, including a new source for the natural product. View Full-Text
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Motuhi, S.-E.; Feizbakhsh, O.; Foll-Josselin, B.; Baratte, B.; Delehouzé, C.; Cousseau, A.; Fant, X.; Bulinski, J.C.; Payri, C.E.; Ruchaud, S.; Mehiri, M.; Bach, S. Neurymenolide A, a Novel Mitotic Spindle Poison from the New Caledonian Rhodophyta Phacelocarpus neurymenioides. Mar. Drugs 2019, 17, 93.
Motuhi S-E, Feizbakhsh O, Foll-Josselin B, Baratte B, Delehouzé C, Cousseau A, Fant X, Bulinski JC, Payri CE, Ruchaud S, Mehiri M, Bach S. Neurymenolide A, a Novel Mitotic Spindle Poison from the New Caledonian Rhodophyta Phacelocarpus neurymenioides. Marine Drugs. 2019; 17(2):93.Chicago/Turabian Style
Motuhi, Sofia-Eléna; Feizbakhsh, Omid; Foll-Josselin, Béatrice; Baratte, Blandine; Delehouzé, Claire; Cousseau, Arnaud; Fant, Xavier; Bulinski, Jeannette C.; Payri, Claude E.; Ruchaud, Sandrine; Mehiri, Mohamed; Bach, Stéphane. 2019. "Neurymenolide A, a Novel Mitotic Spindle Poison from the New Caledonian Rhodophyta Phacelocarpus neurymenioides." Mar. Drugs 17, no. 2: 93.
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