Next Article in Journal
A Machine Learning Approach as a Surrogate for a Finite Element Analysis: Status of Research and Application to One Dimensional Systems
Previous Article in Journal
End-to-End Deep Graph Convolutional Neural Network Approach for Intentional Islanding in Power Systems Considering Load-Generation Balance
 
 
Article

Navigation of a Freely Walking Fruit Fly in Infinite Space Using a Transparent Omnidirectional Locomotion Compensator (TOLC)

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering and Energy Processes, Southern Illinois University Carbondale, Carbondale, IL 62901, USA
2
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Kennesaw State University, Marietta, GA 30060, USA
3
Department of Physiology, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI 48201, USA
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Andrzej Stateczny
Sensors 2021, 21(5), 1651; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21051651
Received: 31 December 2020 / Revised: 4 February 2021 / Accepted: 22 February 2021 / Published: 27 February 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
Animal behavior is an essential element in behavioral neuroscience study. However, most behavior studies in small animals such as fruit flies (Drosophila melanogaster) have been performed in a limited spatial chamber or by tethering the fly’s body on a fixture, which restricts its natural behavior. In this paper, we developed the Transparent Omnidirectional Locomotion Compensator (TOLC) for a freely walking fruit fly without tethering, which enables its navigation in infinite space. The TOLC maintains a position of a fruit fly by compensating its motion using the transparent sphere. The TOLC is capable of maintaining the position error < 1 mm for 90.3% of the time and the heading error < 5° for 80.2% of the time. The inverted imaging system with a transparent sphere secures the space for an additional experimental apparatus. Because the proposed TOLC allows us to observe a freely walking fly without physical tethering, there is no potential injury during the experiment. Thus, the TOLC will offer a unique opportunity to investigate longitudinal studies of a wide range of behavior in an unrestricted walking Drosophila. View Full-Text
Keywords: motion compensator; tracking; Drosophila melanogaster motion compensator; tracking; Drosophila melanogaster
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Pun, P.; Brown, J.; Cobb, T.; Wessells, R.J.; Kim, D.H. Navigation of a Freely Walking Fruit Fly in Infinite Space Using a Transparent Omnidirectional Locomotion Compensator (TOLC). Sensors 2021, 21, 1651. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21051651

AMA Style

Pun P, Brown J, Cobb T, Wessells RJ, Kim DH. Navigation of a Freely Walking Fruit Fly in Infinite Space Using a Transparent Omnidirectional Locomotion Compensator (TOLC). Sensors. 2021; 21(5):1651. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21051651

Chicago/Turabian Style

Pun, Pikam, Jacobs Brown, Tyler Cobb, Robert J. Wessells, and Dal Hyung Kim. 2021. "Navigation of a Freely Walking Fruit Fly in Infinite Space Using a Transparent Omnidirectional Locomotion Compensator (TOLC)" Sensors 21, no. 5: 1651. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21051651

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop