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Open AccessArticle

Ceramic-Chromium Hall Sensors for Environments with High Temperatures and Neutron Radiation

1
Institute of Plasma Physics of CAS, Za Slovankou 3, 182 00 Prague, Czech Republic
2
Institute of Physics of CAS, Cukrovarnicka 10/112, 162 00 Prague 6, Czech Republic
3
Institute of Physics of CAS, Na Slovance 1999/2, 182 21 Prague 8, Czech Republic
4
Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University, Ke Karlovu 5, 121 16 Prague 2, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Valentina Zhukova
Sensors 2021, 21(3), 721; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21030721
Received: 29 December 2020 / Revised: 12 January 2021 / Accepted: 18 January 2021 / Published: 21 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Recent Advances in Magnetic Sensors and Actuators)
Ceramic-chromium Hall sensors represent a temperature and radiation resistant alternative to Hall sensors based on semiconductors. Demand for these sensors is presently motivated by the ITER and DEMO nuclear fusion projects. The developed ceramic-chromium Hall sensors were tested up to a temperature of 550 °C and a magnetic field of 14 T. The magnitude of the sensitivity of the tested sensor was 6.2 mV/A/T at 20 °C and 4.6 mV/A/T at 500 °C. The sensitivity was observed to be weakly dependent on a temperature above 240 °C with an average temperature coefficient of 0.014%/°C and independent of the magnetic field with a relative average deviation below the measurement accuracy of 0.086%. A simulation of a neutron-induced transmutation was performed to assess changes in the composition of the chromium. After 5.2 operational years of the DEMO fusion reactor, the transmuted fraction of the chromium sensitive layer was found to be 0.27% at the most exposed sensor location behind the divertor cassette with a neutron fluence of 6.08 × 1025 n/m2. The ceramic-chromium Hall sensors show the potential to be suitable magnetic sensors for environments with high temperatures and strong neutron radiation. View Full-Text
Keywords: Hall sensors; metal; chromium; nanolayer; high temperature; radiation; resistant; nuclear; fusion; DEMO Hall sensors; metal; chromium; nanolayer; high temperature; radiation; resistant; nuclear; fusion; DEMO
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MDPI and ACS Style

Entler, S.; Soban, Z.; Duran, I.; Kovarik, K.; Vyborny, K.; Sebek, J.; Tazlaru, S.; Strelecek, J.; Sladek, P. Ceramic-Chromium Hall Sensors for Environments with High Temperatures and Neutron Radiation. Sensors 2021, 21, 721. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21030721

AMA Style

Entler S, Soban Z, Duran I, Kovarik K, Vyborny K, Sebek J, Tazlaru S, Strelecek J, Sladek P. Ceramic-Chromium Hall Sensors for Environments with High Temperatures and Neutron Radiation. Sensors. 2021; 21(3):721. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21030721

Chicago/Turabian Style

Entler, Slavomir; Soban, Zbynek; Duran, Ivan; Kovarik, Karel; Vyborny, Karel; Sebek, Josef; Tazlaru, Stana; Strelecek, Jan; Sladek, Petr. 2021. "Ceramic-Chromium Hall Sensors for Environments with High Temperatures and Neutron Radiation" Sensors 21, no. 3: 721. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21030721

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