Indoor positioning has become a very promising research topic due to the growing demand for accurate node location information for indoor environments. Nonetheless, current positioning algorithms typically present the issue of inaccurate positioning due to communication noise and interferences. In addition, most of the indoor positioning techniques require additional hardware equipment and complex algorithms to achieve high positioning accuracy. This leads to higher energy consumption and communication cost. Therefore, this paper proposes an enhanced indoor positioning technique based on a novel received signal strength indication (RSSI) distance prediction and correction model to improve the positioning accuracy of target nodes in indoor environments, with contributions including a new distance correction formula based on RSSI log-distance model, a correction factor (Beta) with a correction exponent (Sigma) for each distance between unknown node and beacon (anchor nodes) which are driven from the correction formula, and by utilizing the previous factors in the unknown node, enhanced centroid positioning algorithm is applied to calculate the final node positioning coordinates. Moreover, in this study, we used Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) beacons to meet the principle of low energy consumption. The experimental results of the proposed enhanced centroid positioning algorithm have a significantly lower average localization error (ALE) than the currently existing algorithms. Also, the proposed technique achieves higher positioning stability than conventional methods. The proposed technique was experimentally tested for different received RSSI samples’ number to verify its feasibility in real-time. The proposed technique’s positioning accuracy is promoted by 80.97% and 67.51% at the office room and the corridor, respectively, compared with the conventional RSSI trilateration positioning technique. The proposed technique also improves localization stability by 1.64 and 2.3-fold at the office room and the corridor, respectively, compared to the traditional RSSI localization method. Finally, the proposed correction model is totally possible in real-time when the RSSI sample number is 50 or more.
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