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Quantitative Study on the Impact of Energy Consumption Based Dynamic Selfishness in MANETs

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Department of Automation and Information Engineering, Xi’an University of Technology, Xi’an 710048, China
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School of Information Science and Technology, Baotou Teachers’ College, Baotou 014030, China
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Graduate School of Informatics and Engineering, The University of Electro-Communications, Tokyo 182-8585, Japan
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College of Electronic & Information Engineering, Ankang University, Ankang 725000, China
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Department of Computer Science and Technology, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
This paper is an extended version of our paper published in Shan, A.; Fan, X.; Zhang, X. Quantitative Study on Impact of Node Selfishness on Performance of MANETs. In proceedings of the 2020 IEEE International Conference on Smart Internet of Things (SmartIoT), Beijing, China, 14–16 August 2020; pp. 9–14, doi:10.1109/SmartIoT49966.2020.00011.
Academic Editor: Weiming Shen
Sensors 2021, 21(3), 716; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21030716
Received: 10 January 2021 / Revised: 19 January 2021 / Accepted: 20 January 2021 / Published: 21 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Internet of Things, Big Data and Smart Systems)
Cooperative communication and resource limitation are two main characteristics of mobile ad hoc networks (MANETs). On one hand, communication among the nodes in MANETs highly depends on the cooperation among nodes because of the limited transmission range of the nodes, and multi-hop communications are needed in most cases. On the other hand, every node in MANETs has stringent resource constraints on computations, communications, memory, and energy. These two characteristics lead to the existence of selfish nodes in MANETs, which affects the network performance in various aspects. In this paper, we quantitatively investigate the impacts of node selfishness caused by energy depletion in MANETs in terms of packet loss rate, round-trip delay, and throughput. We conducted extensive measurements on a proper simulation platform incorporating an OMNeT++ and INET Framework. Our experimental results quantitatively indicate the impact of node selfishness on the network performance in MANETs. The results also imply that it is important to evaluate the impact of node selfishness by jointly considering selfish nodes’ mobility models, densities, proportions, and combinations. View Full-Text
Keywords: selfishness; MANET; impact; energy consumption; OMNeT++ selfishness; MANET; impact; energy consumption; OMNeT++
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MDPI and ACS Style

Shan, A.; Fan, X.; Wu, C.; Zhang, X.; Fan, S. Quantitative Study on the Impact of Energy Consumption Based Dynamic Selfishness in MANETs. Sensors 2021, 21, 716. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21030716

AMA Style

Shan A, Fan X, Wu C, Zhang X, Fan S. Quantitative Study on the Impact of Energy Consumption Based Dynamic Selfishness in MANETs. Sensors. 2021; 21(3):716. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21030716

Chicago/Turabian Style

Shan, Axida; Fan, Xiumei; Wu, Celimuge; Zhang, Xinghui; Fan, Shujia. 2021. "Quantitative Study on the Impact of Energy Consumption Based Dynamic Selfishness in MANETs" Sensors 21, no. 3: 716. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21030716

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