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Review

Robot-Assisted Autism Therapy (RAAT). Criteria and Types of Experiments Using Anthropomorphic and Zoomorphic Robots. Review of the Research

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Sanus Medical Center, Day Treatment Center for Children with Autism, Magnoliowa 2, 20-143 Lublin, Poland
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Department of Electronics and Information Technology, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Lublin University of Technology, Nadbystrzycka 36, 20-618 Lublin, Poland
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Department of Machine Design and Mechatronics, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Lublin University of Technology, Nadbystrzycka 36, 20-618 Lublin, Poland
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Chair and I Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy, and Early Intervention, Medical University of Lublin, 20-439 Lublin, Poland
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Department of Clinical Neuropsychiatry, Medical University of Lublin, 20-439 Lublin, Poland
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Department of Computer Science, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Lublin University of Technology, 20-618 Lublin, Poland
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Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Maxillary Surgery, Central Clinical Hospital MSWiA, Wołoska 137, 02-507 Warsaw, Poland
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Dream-Art sp. z o.o., Capital Park, Rejtana 67/5.16, 35-326 Rzeszów, Poland
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University of Economics and Innovation, Projektowa 4, 20-209 Lublin, Poland
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Alpha Medical Center, Warszawska 15, 20-803 Lublin, Poland
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Department of Special Psychopedagogy and Special Sociopedagogy, Maria Curie-Sklodowska University in Lublin, Curie-Skłodowskiej 5, 20-031 Lublin, Poland
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Cecilia Garcia and Changsheng Li
Sensors 2021, 21(11), 3720; https://doi.org/10.3390/s21113720
Received: 19 April 2021 / Revised: 24 May 2021 / Accepted: 26 May 2021 / Published: 27 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Robotics in Healthcare: Automation, Sensing and Application)
Supporting the development of a child with autism is a multi-profile therapeutic work on disturbed areas, especially understanding and linguistic expression used in social communication and development of social contacts. Previous studies show that it is possible to perform some therapy using a robot. This article is a synthesis review of the literature on research with the use of robots in the therapy of children with the diagnosis of early childhood autism. The review includes scientific journals from 2005–2021. Using descriptors: ASD (Autism Spectrum Disorders), Social robots, and Robot-based interventions, an analysis of available research in PubMed, Scopus and Web of Science was done. The results showed that a robot seems to be a great tool that encourages contact and involvement in joint activities. The review of the literature indicates the potential value of the use of robots in the therapy of people with autism as a facilitator in social contacts. Robot-Assisted Autism Therapy (RAAT) can encourage child to talk or do exercises. In the second aspect (prompting during a conversation), a robot encourages eye contact and suggests possible answers, e.g., during free conversation with a peer. In the third aspect (teaching, entertainment), the robot could play with autistic children in games supporting the development of joint attention. These types of games stimulate the development of motor skills and orientation in the body schema. In future work, a validation test would be desirable to check whether children with ASD are able to do the same with a real person by learning distrust and cheating the robot. View Full-Text
Keywords: autism; robot; therapy; children; communication autism; robot; therapy; children; communication
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MDPI and ACS Style

Szymona, B.; Maciejewski, M.; Karpiński, R.; Jonak, K.; Radzikowska-Büchner, E.; Niderla, K.; Prokopiak, A. Robot-Assisted Autism Therapy (RAAT). Criteria and Types of Experiments Using Anthropomorphic and Zoomorphic Robots. Review of the Research. Sensors 2021, 21, 3720. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21113720

AMA Style

Szymona B, Maciejewski M, Karpiński R, Jonak K, Radzikowska-Büchner E, Niderla K, Prokopiak A. Robot-Assisted Autism Therapy (RAAT). Criteria and Types of Experiments Using Anthropomorphic and Zoomorphic Robots. Review of the Research. Sensors. 2021; 21(11):3720. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21113720

Chicago/Turabian Style

Szymona, Barbara, Marcin Maciejewski, Robert Karpiński, Kamil Jonak, Elżbieta Radzikowska-Büchner, Konrad Niderla, and Anna Prokopiak. 2021. "Robot-Assisted Autism Therapy (RAAT). Criteria and Types of Experiments Using Anthropomorphic and Zoomorphic Robots. Review of the Research" Sensors 21, no. 11: 3720. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21113720

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