Next Article in Journal
Measurements of Dynamic Deformations of Building Structures by Applying Wire Sensors
Previous Article in Journal
Gradient-Based Multi-Objective Feature Selection for Gait Mode Recognition of Transfemoral Amputees
Previous Article in Special Issue
Enhanced Message-Passing Based LEACH Protocol for Wireless Sensor Networks
Article Menu
Issue 2 (January-2) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Sensors 2019, 19(2), 254; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19020254

Implementation of an IoT Based Radar Sensor Network for Wastewater Management

1
School of Electrical, Computer and Telecommunications Engineering (SECTE), University of Wollongong (UOW), Wollongong 2522, NSW, Australia
2
Shoalhaven Water, Shoalhaven City Council, Nowra 2541, NSW, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 10 December 2018 / Revised: 3 January 2019 / Accepted: 7 January 2019 / Published: 10 January 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Topology Control and Protocols in Sensor Network and IoT Applications)
Full-Text   |   PDF [7421 KB, uploaded 15 January 2019]   |  
  |   Review Reports

Abstract

Critical wastewater events such as sewer main blockages or overflows are often not detected until after the fact. These events can be costly, from both an environmental impact and monetary standpoint. A standalone, portable radar device allowing non-invasive benchmarking of sewer pumping station (SPS) pumps is presented. Further, by configuring and deploying a complete Low Power Wide Area Network (LPWAN), Shoalhaven Water (SW) now has the opportunity to create “Internet of Things” (IoT)-capable devices that offer freedom from the reliance on mobile network providers, whilst avoiding congestion on the existing Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition (SCADA) telemetry backbone. This network infrastructure allows for devices capable of real-time monitoring to alert of any system failures, providing an effective tool to proactively capture the current state of the sewer network between the much larger SPSs. This paper presents novel solutions to improve the current wastewater network management procedures employed by SW. This paper also offers a complete review of wastewater monitoring networks and is one of the first to offer robust testing of Long Range Wide Area Network (LoRaWAN) network capabilities in Australia. The paper also provides a comprehensive summary of the LoRa protocol and all its functions. It was found that a LPWAN, utilising the LoRaWAN protocol and deployed appropriately within a geographic area, can attain maximum transmission distances of 20 km within an urban environment and up to 35 km line of sight. View Full-Text
Keywords: communications; Internet of Things; IoT; LoRaWAN; LPWAN; sewer pumping stations; wastewater; wastewater collection network; WCN communications; Internet of Things; IoT; LoRaWAN; LPWAN; sewer pumping stations; wastewater; wastewater collection network; WCN
Figures

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
SciFeed

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Drenoyanis, A.; Raad, R.; Wady, I.; Krogh, C. Implementation of an IoT Based Radar Sensor Network for Wastewater Management. Sensors 2019, 19, 254.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics

1

Comments

[Return to top]
Sensors EISSN 1424-8220 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top