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Fabrics and Garments as Sensors: A Research Update

Materials Science and Technology, University of Otago, Dunedin 9016, New Zealand
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2019, 19(16), 3570;
Received: 21 June 2019 / Revised: 2 August 2019 / Accepted: 12 August 2019 / Published: 15 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Wearable Electronics, Smart Textiles and Computing)
PDF [546 KB, uploaded 15 August 2019]


Properties critical to the structure of apparel and apparel fabrics (thermal and moisture transfer, elasticity, and flexural rigidity), those related to performance (durability to abrasion, cleaning, and storage), and environmental effects have not been consistently addressed in the research on fabric sensors designed to interact with the human body. These fabric properties need to be acceptable for functionalized fabrics to be effectively used in apparel. Measures of performance such as electrical conductivity, impedance, and/or capacitance have been quantified. That the apparel/human body system involves continuous transient conditions needs to be taken into account when considering performance. This review highlights gaps concerning fabric-related aspects for functionalized apparel and includes information on increasing the inclusion of such aspects. A multidisciplinary approach including experts in chemistry, electronics, textiles, and standard test methods, and the intended end use is key to widespread development and adoption.
Keywords: textiles; performance; electrical conductivity; end-use requirements textiles; performance; electrical conductivity; end-use requirements
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Wilson, S.; Laing, R. Fabrics and Garments as Sensors: A Research Update. Sensors 2019, 19, 3570.

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