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Optimized Multi-Position Calibration Method with Nonlinear Scale Factor for Inertial Measurement Units

1
School of Instrument Science and Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
2
Key Laboratory of Micro-Inertial Instrument and Advanced Navigation Technology, Ministry of Education, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Sensors 2019, 19(16), 3568; https://doi.org/10.3390/s19163568
Received: 21 June 2019 / Revised: 30 July 2019 / Accepted: 13 August 2019 / Published: 15 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Physical Sensors)
PDF [1561 KB, uploaded 15 August 2019]

Abstract

Navigation grade inertial measurement units (IMUs) should be calibrated after Inertial Navigation Systems (INSs) are assembled and be re-calibrated after certain periods of time. The multi-position calibration methods with advantage of not requiring high-precision equipment are widely discussed. However, the existing multi-position calibration methods for IMU are based on the model of linear scale factors. To improve the precision of INS, the nonlinear scale factors should be calibrated accurately. This paper proposes an optimized multi-position calibration method with nonlinear scale factor for IMU, and the optimal calibration motion of IMU has been designed based on the analysis of sensitivity of the cost function to the calibration parameters. Besides, in order to improve the accuracy and robustness of the optimization, an estimation method on initial values is presented to solve the problem of setting initial values for iterative methods. Simulations and experiments show that the proposed method outperforms the calibration method without nonlinear scale factors. The navigation accuracy of INS can be improved by up to 17% in lab conditions and 12% in the moving vehicle experiment, respectively.
Keywords: inertial measurement units; nonlinear scale factor; multi-position method; optimization method inertial measurement units; nonlinear scale factor; multi-position method; optimization method
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Wang, Z.; Cheng, X.; Fu, J. Optimized Multi-Position Calibration Method with Nonlinear Scale Factor for Inertial Measurement Units. Sensors 2019, 19, 3568.

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