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Sensors 2018, 18(10), 3421; https://doi.org/10.3390/s18103421

Enabling Multi-Mission Interoperable UAS Using Data-Centric Communications

1
Telematic Engineering Department, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid, 28911 Madrid, Spain
2
Department of Computer Science and Engineering, University of Bologna, 40136 Bologna, Italy
3
IMDEA Networks Institute, 28918 Madrid, Spain
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 21 September 2018 / Revised: 4 October 2018 / Accepted: 10 October 2018 / Published: 12 October 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Unmanned Aerial Vehicle Networks, Systems and Applications)
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Abstract

We claim the strong potential of data-centric communications in Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS), as a suitable paradigm to enhance collaborative operations via efficient information sharing, as well as to build systems supporting flexible mission objectives. In particular, this paper analyzes the primary contributions to data dissemination in UAS that can be given by the Data Distribution Service (DDS) open standard, as a solid and industry-mature data-centric technology. Our study is not restricted to traditional UAS where a set of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) transmit data to the ground station that controls them. Instead, we contemplate flexible UAS deployments with multiple UAV units of different sizes and capacities, which are interconnected to form an aerial communication network, enabling the provision of value-added services over a delimited geographical area. In addition, the paper outlines an approach to address the issues inherent to the utilization of network-level multicast, a baseline technology in DDS, in the considered UAS deployments. We complete our analysis with a practical experience aiming at validating the feasibility and the advantages of using DDS in a multi-UAV deployment scenario. For this purpose, we use a UAS testbed built up by heterogeneous hardware equipment, including a number of interconnected micro aerial vehicles, carrying single board computers as payload, as well as real equipment from a tactical UAS from the Spanish Ministry of Defense. View Full-Text
Keywords: Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS); network of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs); data-centric communications; Data Distribution Service (DDS) Unmanned Aircraft Systems (UAS); network of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs); data-centric communications; Data Distribution Service (DDS)
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Vidal, I.; Bellavista, P.; Sanchez-Aguero, V.; Garcia-Reinoso, J.; Valera, F.; Nogales, B.; Azcorra, A. Enabling Multi-Mission Interoperable UAS Using Data-Centric Communications. Sensors 2018, 18, 3421.

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