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A Hygroscopic Sensor Electrode for Fast Stabilized Non-Contact ECG Signal Acquisition

Department of Electronic Engineering, Pukyong National University, Busan 608-737, Korea
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Steffen Leonhardt and Daniel Teichmann
Sensors 2015, 15(8), 19237-19250;
Received: 29 March 2015 / Revised: 24 July 2015 / Accepted: 24 July 2015 / Published: 5 August 2015
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Noninvasive Biomedical Sensors)
PDF [1616 KB, uploaded 7 August 2015]


A capacitive electrocardiography (cECG) technique using a non-invasive ECG measuring technology that does not require direct contact between the sensor and the skin has attracted much interest. The system encounters several challenges when the sensor electrode and subject’s skin are weakly coupled. Because there is no direct physical contact between the subject and any grounding point, there is no discharge path for the built-up electrostatic charge. Subsequently, the electrostatic charge build-up can temporarily contaminate the ECG signal from being clearly visible; a stabilization period (3–15 min) is required for the measurement of a clean, stable ECG signal at low humidity levels (below 55% relative humidity). Therefore, to obtain a clear ECG signal without noise and to reduce the ECG signal stabilization time to within 2 min in a dry ambient environment, we have developed a fabric electrode with embedded polymer (FEEP). The designed hygroscopic FEEP has an embedded superabsorbent polymer layer. The principle of FEEP as a conductive electrode is to provide humidity to the capacitive coupling to ensure strong coupling and to allow for the measurement of a stable, clear biomedical signal. The evaluation results show that hygroscopic FEEP is capable of rapidly measuring high-accuracy ECG signals with a higher SNR ratio. View Full-Text
Keywords: capacitive electrocardiography (cECG); relative humidity; sensor electrodes; signal-to-noise ratio capacitive electrocardiography (cECG); relative humidity; sensor electrodes; signal-to-noise ratio

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Fong, E.-M.; Chung, W.-Y. A Hygroscopic Sensor Electrode for Fast Stabilized Non-Contact ECG Signal Acquisition. Sensors 2015, 15, 19237-19250.

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