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The Rhizosphere of Coffea Arabica in Its Native Highland Forests of Ethiopia Provides a Niche for a Distinguished Diversity of Trichoderma

Research Area Gene Technology and Applied Biochemistry, Institute of Chemical Engineering, Vienna University of Technology, Getreidemarkt 9-1665, A-1060 Vienna, Austria
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Diversity 2010, 2(4), 527-549; https://doi.org/10.3390/d2040527
Received: 25 February 2010 / Revised: 24 March 2010 / Accepted: 24 March 2010 / Published: 5 April 2010
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biological Diversity Assessed by Molecular Methods)
The southwestern highlands forests of Ethiopia are the origin of the coffee plant Coffea arabica. The production of coffee in this area is affected by tracheomycosis caused by a soil-born fungus Gibberella xylarioides. The use of endemic antagonistic strains of mycoparasitic Trichoderma species would be a nature conserving means to combat this disease. We have used molecular methods to reveal that the community of Trichoderma in the rhizosphere of C. arabica in its native forests is highly diverse and includes many putatively endemic species. Among others, the putative new species were particularly efficient to inhibit growth of G. xylarioides. View Full-Text
Keywords: biocontrol; coffee; diversity; DNA barcode; Ethiopia; Hypocrea; molecular phylogeny; rhizosphere biocontrol; coffee; diversity; DNA barcode; Ethiopia; Hypocrea; molecular phylogeny; rhizosphere
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Belayneh Mulaw, T.; Kubicek, C.P.; Druzhinina, I.S. The Rhizosphere of Coffea Arabica in Its Native Highland Forests of Ethiopia Provides a Niche for a Distinguished Diversity of Trichoderma. Diversity 2010, 2, 527-549.

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