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Open AccessArticle

Use of the Secreted Proteome of Trametes versicolor for Controlling the Cereal Pathogen Fusarium langsethiae

1
Dipartimento di Biologia Ambientale, Sapienza Università di Roma, P.le Aldo Moro 5, 00185 Rome, Italy
2
CREA-DC, via C.G. Bertero 22, 00156 Roma, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20(17), 4167; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20174167
Received: 1 August 2019 / Revised: 20 August 2019 / Accepted: 22 August 2019 / Published: 26 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Fusarium Mycotoxins)
Fusarium langsethiae is amongst the most recently discovered pathogens of small grains cereals. F. langsethiae is the main producer, in Europe, of T2 and HT-toxins in small grain cereals, albeit often asymptomatic; this makes its control challenging. The European Union (EU) is pushing hard on the use of biocontrol agents to minimize the use of fungicides and pesticides, which are detrimental to the environment and responsible for serious pollution of the soil and superficial water. In line with EU directives (e.g., 128/2009), here we report the use of protein fractions, purified from the culture filtrate of the basidiomycete Trametes versicolor, for controlling F. langsethiae. T. versicolor, a so-called medicinal mushroom which is applied as a co-adjuvant in oncology and other pathologies as a producer of biological response modifiers. In this study, the exo-proteome of T. versicolor proved highly efficient in inhibiting the growth of F. langsethiae and the biosynthesis of the T2 toxin. Results are promising for its future use as a sustainable product to control F. langsethiae infection in cereals under field conditions. View Full-Text
Keywords: Fusarium langsethiae; exo-proteome; Trametes versicolor; T2-HT2; mycotoxins; growth inhibition Fusarium langsethiae; exo-proteome; Trametes versicolor; T2-HT2; mycotoxins; growth inhibition
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Parroni, A.; Bellabarba, A.; Beccaccioli, M.; Scarpari, M.; Reverberi, M.; Infantino, A. Use of the Secreted Proteome of Trametes versicolor for Controlling the Cereal Pathogen Fusarium langsethiae. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 4167.

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