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Open AccessArticle

The Novel Cerato-Platanin-Like Protein FocCP1 from Fusarium oxysporum Triggers an Immune Response in Plants

1
Hainan Key Laboratory for Sustainable Utilization of Tropical Bio-resources, Institute of Tropical Agriculture and Forestry, Hainan University, Haikou 570228, China
2
The State Key Laboratory for Biology of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, Institute of Plant Protection, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
3
The School of Resources and Environment Science, Henan Institute of Science and Technology, Xinxiang 453003, China
4
Ministry of Agriculture Key Laboratory on Safety Assessment (Molecular) of Agriculture Genetically Modified Organisms, Biotechnology Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Agriculture Sciences, Beijing 100081, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20(11), 2849; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms20112849
Received: 29 April 2019 / Revised: 4 June 2019 / Accepted: 6 June 2019 / Published: 11 June 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Molecular Plant Sciences)
Panama disease, or Fusarium wilt, the most serious disease in banana cultivation, is caused by Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense (FOC) and has led to great economic losses worldwide. One effective way to combat this disease is by enhancing host plant resistance. The cerato-platanin protein (CPP) family is a group of small secreted cysteine-rich proteins in filamentous fungi. CPPs as elicitors can trigger the immune system resulting in defense responses in plants. In this study, we characterized a novel cerato-platanin-like protein in the secretome of Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense race 4 (FOC4), named FocCP1. In tobacco, the purified recombinant FocCP1 protein caused accumulation of reactive oxygen species (ROS), formation of necrotic reaction, deposition of callose, expression of defense-related genes, and accumulation of salicylic acid (SA) and jasmonic acid (JA) in tobacco. These results indicated that FocCP1 triggered a hypersensitive response (HR) and systemic acquired resistance (SAR) in tobacco. Furthermore, FocCP1 enhanced resistance tobacco mosaic virus (TMV) disease and Pseudomonas syringae pv. tabaci 6605 (Pst. 6605) infection in tobacco and improved banana seedling resistance to FOC4. All results provide the possibility of further research on immune mechanisms of plant and pathogen interactions, and lay a foundation for a new biological strategy of banana wilt control in the future. View Full-Text
Keywords: Fusarium oxysporum; cerato-platanin; elicitor; FocCP1; immune response; systemic acquired resistance Fusarium oxysporum; cerato-platanin; elicitor; FocCP1; immune response; systemic acquired resistance
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Li, S.; Dong, Y.; Li, L.; Zhang, Y.; Yang, X.; Zeng, H.; Shi, M.; Pei, X.; Qiu, D.; Yuan, Q. The Novel Cerato-Platanin-Like Protein FocCP1 from Fusarium oxysporum Triggers an Immune Response in Plants. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 2849.

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