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Open AccessArticle

An Innovative Approach to Manganese-Substituted Hydroxyapatite Coating on Zinc Oxide–Coated 316L SS for Implant Application

1
Shenzhen Key Laboratory for Additive Manufacturing of High-Performance Materials, Shenzhen 518055, China
2
Department of Mechanical and Energy Engineering, Southern University of Science and Technology, Shenzhen 518055, China
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(8), 2340; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19082340
Received: 2 July 2018 / Revised: 22 July 2018 / Accepted: 23 July 2018 / Published: 9 August 2018
(This article belongs to the Section Materials Science)
In this paper, the synthesis of porous manganese substituted hydroxyapatite (Mn-HAp) coating on zinc oxide (ZnO) coated stainless steel (316L SS) using the electrodeposition technique is reported. The structural, functional, morphological, and elemental analyses are characterized by various analytical techniques including X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), field emission scanning electron microscopy (FE-SEM), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). Results of electrochemical techniques such as cyclic polarization and impedance show that the Mn-HAp coating on ZnO coated 316L SS has the highest corrosion resistance in simulated body fluid (SBF) solution. Moreover, dissolution of metal ions was extremely reduced, as evaluated by inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES). The adhesion and hardness of Mn-HAp/ZnO bilayer coatings have superior mechanical properties over individual coatings. Further, the biocompatibility of in vitro osteoblast attachment, cell viability, and live/dead assessment also confirmed the suitability of Mn-HAp/ZnO bilayer coating on 316L SS for orthopedic applications. View Full-Text
Keywords: hydroxyapatite; corrosion zinc oxide; electrodeposition; bilayer coating; biomedical implant hydroxyapatite; corrosion zinc oxide; electrodeposition; bilayer coating; biomedical implant
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ananth, K.P.; Sun, J.; Bai, J. An Innovative Approach to Manganese-Substituted Hydroxyapatite Coating on Zinc Oxide–Coated 316L SS for Implant Application. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 2340. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19082340

AMA Style

Ananth KP, Sun J, Bai J. An Innovative Approach to Manganese-Substituted Hydroxyapatite Coating on Zinc Oxide–Coated 316L SS for Implant Application. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(8):2340. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19082340

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ananth, Karuppasamy P.; Sun, Jinxing; Bai, Jiaming. 2018. "An Innovative Approach to Manganese-Substituted Hydroxyapatite Coating on Zinc Oxide–Coated 316L SS for Implant Application" Int. J. Mol. Sci. 19, no. 8: 2340. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19082340

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