Baicalein Rescues Delayed Cooling via Preservation of Akt Activation and Akt-Mediated Phospholamban Phosphorylation
AbstractCooling reduces the ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury seen in sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) by decreasing the burst of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Its cardioprotection is diminished when delay in reaching the target temperature occurs. Baicalein, a flavonoid derived from the root of Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi, possesses antioxidant properties. Therefore, we hypothesized that baicalein can rescue cooling cardioprotection when cooling is delayed. Two murine cardiomyocyte models, an I/R model (90 min ischemia/3 h reperfusion) and stunning model (30 min ischemia/90 min reperfusion), were used to assess cell survival and contractility, respectively. Cooling (32 °C) was initiated either during ischemia or during reperfusion. Cell viability and ROS generation were measured. Cell contractility was evaluated by real-time phase-contrast imaging. Our results showed that cooling reduced cell death and ROS generation, and this effect was diminished when cooling was delayed. Baicalein (25 µM), given either at the start of reperfusion or start of cooling, resulted in a comparable reduction of cell death and ROS production. Baicalein improved phospholamban phosphorylation, contractility recovery, and cell survival. These effects were Akt-dependent. In addition, no synergistic effect was observed with the combined treatments of cooling and baicalein. Our data suggest that baicalein may serve as a novel adjunct therapeutic strategy for SCA resuscitation. View Full-Text
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Shao, Z.; Chen, S.-J.; Zhu, X.; Lee, C.; Huang, H.-H.; Meliton, A.; Li, C.; Hoek, T.L.V.; Li, J. Baicalein Rescues Delayed Cooling via Preservation of Akt Activation and Akt-Mediated Phospholamban Phosphorylation. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 973.
Shao Z, Chen S-J, Zhu X, Lee C, Huang H-H, Meliton A, Li C, Hoek TLV, Li J. Baicalein Rescues Delayed Cooling via Preservation of Akt Activation and Akt-Mediated Phospholamban Phosphorylation. International Journal of Molecular Sciences. 2018; 19(4):973.Chicago/Turabian Style
Shao, Zuohui; Chen, Sy-Jou; Zhu, Xiangdong; Lee, Chunpei; Huang, Hsien-Hao; Meliton, Angelo; Li, Changqing; Hoek, Terry L. Vanden; Li, Jing. 2018. "Baicalein Rescues Delayed Cooling via Preservation of Akt Activation and Akt-Mediated Phospholamban Phosphorylation." Int. J. Mol. Sci. 19, no. 4: 973.
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