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Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19(3), 703; https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms19030703

Influence of Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms in PPAR-δ, PPAR-γ, and PRKAA2 on the Changes in Anthropometric Indices and Blood Measurements through Exercise-Centered Lifestyle Intervention in Japanese Middle-Aged Men

1
Department of Preventive Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Saga University, Saga 849-8501, Japan
2
SUMCO Corporation, Saga 849-4271, Japan
3
Section of Clinical Cooperation System, Center for Comprehensive Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Saga University, Saga 849-8501, Japan
4
Institute of Genetics and Animal Breeding of the Polish Academy of Sciences, 05-552 Jastrzebiec, Poland
5
Laboratory of Exercise Physiology, Faculty of Health and Sports Science, Fukuoka University, Fukuoka 814-0180, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 9 February 2018 / Revised: 24 February 2018 / Accepted: 26 February 2018 / Published: 1 March 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue PPARs in Cellular and Whole Body Energy Metabolism)
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Abstract

The purpose of the current study was to examine the influence of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-δ (PPAR-δ), PPAR-γ, and α2 isoforms of the catalytic subunit of AMP-activated protein kinase (PRKAA2) on the extent of changes in anthropometric indices and blood measurements through exercise-centered lifestyle intervention in middle-aged men. A total of 109 Japanese middle-aged male subjects (47.0 ± 0.4 years) participated in the baseline health checkup, 6-month exercise-centered lifestyle intervention, and second checkup conducted several months after the subject completed the intervention. The body mass index (BMI), waist circumference, and clinical measurements, including hemoglobin Alc (HbA1c), triglyceride (TG), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), and γ-glutamyl-transpeptidase (γ-GTP), were measured at the baseline and second checkup. The three SNPs of PPAR-δ A/G (rs2267668), PPAR-γ C/G (rs1801282), and PRKAA2 A/G (rs1418442) were determined. Blunted responses in the reduction in the BMI and waist circumference were observed in A/A carriers of PPAR-δ SNP compared with G allele carriers (all p < 0.05). The A/A carriers also displayed less-marked improvements in HbA1c, TG, ALT, and γ-GTP (all p < 0.05). The current results suggest that A/A carriers of PPAR-δ SNP (rs2267668) may enjoy fewer beneficial effects of exercise-centered lifestyle intervention on anthropometric indices and blood measurements. View Full-Text
Keywords: exercise; PPAR; SNP; obesity; lipid; glucose; HbA1c; liver enzyme exercise; PPAR; SNP; obesity; lipid; glucose; HbA1c; liver enzyme
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Nishida, Y.; Iyadomi, M.; Tominaga, H.; Taniguchi, H.; Higaki, Y.; Tanaka, H.; Horita, M.; Shimanoe, C.; Hara, M.; Tanaka, K. Influence of Single-Nucleotide Polymorphisms in PPAR-δ, PPAR-γ, and PRKAA2 on the Changes in Anthropometric Indices and Blood Measurements through Exercise-Centered Lifestyle Intervention in Japanese Middle-Aged Men. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2018, 19, 703.

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