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Article

The Development of a Green Innovative Bioactive Film for Industrial Application as a New Emerging Technology to Protect the Quality of Fruits

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Department of Horticulture, The University of Haripur, Hatter Road, Haripur 22620, Pakistan
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Department of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Pakistan
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Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Science, Taif University, P.O. Box 11099, Taif 21944, Saudi Arabia
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Department of Soil & Climate Science, The University of Haripur, Haripur 22620, Pakistan
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Department of Agronomy, The University of Haripur, Haripur 22620, Pakistan
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Department of Agricultural Engineering, Khwaja Fareed University of Engineering and Information Technology, Rahim Yar Khan 64200, Pakistan
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School of Horticulture, Anhui Agricultural University, Hefei 230036, China
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Department of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi 75270, Pakistan
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Department of Biology, College of Science, Taif University, P.O. Box 11099, Taif 21944, Saudi Arabia
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Antonio Zuorro
Molecules 2022, 27(2), 486; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules27020486
Received: 25 November 2021 / Revised: 20 December 2021 / Accepted: 24 December 2021 / Published: 13 January 2022
Today, the most significant challenge encountered by food manufacturers is degradation in the food quality during storage, which is countered by expensive packing, which causes enormous monetary and environmental costs. Edible packaging is a potential alternative for protecting food quality and improving shelf life by delaying microbial growth and providing moisture and gas barrier properties. For the first time, the current article reports the preparation of the new films from Ditriterpenoids and Secomeliacins isolated from Melia azedarach (Dharek) Azadirachta indica plants to protect the quality of fruits. After evaluating these films, their mechanical, specific respirational, coating crystal elongation, elastic, water vapor transmission rate (WVTR), film thickness, and nanoindentation test properties are applied to apple fruit for several storage periods: 0, 3, 6, 9 days. The fruits were evaluated for postharvest quality by screening several essential phytochemical, physiological responses under film coating and storage conditions. It was observed that prepared films were highly active during storage periods. Coated fruits showed improved quality due to the protection of the film, which lowered the transmission rate and enhanced the diffusion rate, followed by an increase in the shelf life. The coating crystals were higher in Film-5 and lower activity in untreated films. It was observed that the application of films through dipping was a simple technique at a laboratory scale, whereas extrusion and spraying were preferred on a commercial scale. The phytochemicals screening of treated fruits during the storage period showed that a maximum of eight important bioactive compounds were present in fruits after the treatment of films. It was resolved that new active films (1–5) were helpful in the effective maintenance of fruit quality and all essential compounds during storage periods. It was concluded that these films could be helpful for fruits growers and the processing industry to maintain fruit quality during the storage period as a new emerging technology. View Full-Text
Keywords: apple; new bioactive films; Melia azedarach (Dharek); Azadirachta indica (Neem); bioactive compound; postharvest quality apple; new bioactive films; Melia azedarach (Dharek); Azadirachta indica (Neem); bioactive compound; postharvest quality
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ahmed, W.; Azmat, R.; Khojah, E.; Ahmed, R.; Qayyum, A.; Shah, A.N.; Abbas, A.; Moin, S.; Samra, B.N. The Development of a Green Innovative Bioactive Film for Industrial Application as a New Emerging Technology to Protect the Quality of Fruits. Molecules 2022, 27, 486. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules27020486

AMA Style

Ahmed W, Azmat R, Khojah E, Ahmed R, Qayyum A, Shah AN, Abbas A, Moin S, Samra BN. The Development of a Green Innovative Bioactive Film for Industrial Application as a New Emerging Technology to Protect the Quality of Fruits. Molecules. 2022; 27(2):486. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules27020486

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ahmed, Waseem, Rafia Azmat, Ebtihal Khojah, Rasheed Ahmed, Abdul Qayyum, Adnan N. Shah, Asad Abbas, Sumeira Moin, and Bassem N. Samra. 2022. "The Development of a Green Innovative Bioactive Film for Industrial Application as a New Emerging Technology to Protect the Quality of Fruits" Molecules 27, no. 2: 486. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules27020486

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