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Review

Brief Overview of Ice Nucleation

Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering, School of Mining and Petroleum Engineering, University of Alberta, 7-207 Donadeo ICE, 9211-116 Street NW, Edmonton, AB T6G1H9, Canada
Academic Editor: Sergey Vyazovkin
Molecules 2021, 26(2), 392; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26020392
Received: 21 December 2020 / Revised: 7 January 2021 / Accepted: 11 January 2021 / Published: 13 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Gas Hydrates: Formation, Structures, and Properties)
The nucleation of ice is vital in cloud physics and impacts on a broad range of matters from the cryopreservation of food, tissues, organs, and stem cells to the prevention of icing on aircraft wings, bridge cables, wind turbines, and other structures. Ice nucleation thus has broad implications in medicine, food engineering, mineralogy, biology, and other fields. Nowadays, the growing threat of global warming has led to intense research activities on the feasibility of artificially modifying clouds to shift the Earth’s radiation balance. For these reasons, nucleation of ice has been extensively studied over many decades and rightfully so. It is thus not quite possible to cover the whole subject of ice nucleation in a single review. Rather, this feature article provides a brief overview of ice nucleation that focuses on several major outstanding fundamental issues. The author’s wish is to aid early researchers in ice nucleation and those who wish to get into the field of ice nucleation from other disciplines by concisely summarizing the outstanding issues in this important field. Two unresolved challenges stood out from the review, namely the lack of a molecular-level picture of ice nucleation at an interface and the limitations of classical nucleation theory. View Full-Text
Keywords: nucleation; ice; heterogeneous nucleation; classical nucleation theory; organic ice nucleator; memory effect; surface nucleation; immersion nucleation; contact nucleation; multi-step nucle-ation nucleation; ice; heterogeneous nucleation; classical nucleation theory; organic ice nucleator; memory effect; surface nucleation; immersion nucleation; contact nucleation; multi-step nucle-ation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Maeda, N. Brief Overview of Ice Nucleation. Molecules 2021, 26, 392. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26020392

AMA Style

Maeda N. Brief Overview of Ice Nucleation. Molecules. 2021; 26(2):392. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26020392

Chicago/Turabian Style

Maeda, Nobuo. 2021. "Brief Overview of Ice Nucleation" Molecules 26, no. 2: 392. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules26020392

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