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Article

Ceiba speciosa (A. St.-Hil.) Seeds Oil: Fatty Acids Profiling by GC-MS and NMR and Bioactivity

1
Department of Agricultural, Food and Forest Sciences (SAAF), Università degli Studi di Palermo. Viale delle Scienze, ed. 4, I-90128 Palermo, Italy
2
Centro Interdipartimentale di Ricerca “Riutilizzo bio-based degli scarti da matrici agroalimentari” (RIVIVE), Università di Palermo, 90128 Palermo, Italy
3
Department of Pharmacy, Health and Nutritional Sciences, University of Calabria, 87036 Rende (CS), Italy
4
Department of Biological, Chemical and Pharmaceutical Sciences and Technologies (STEBICEF), Università degli Studi di Palermo. Viale delle Scienze, ed. 17, I-90128 Palermo, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2020, 25(5), 1037; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25051037
Received: 31 January 2020 / Revised: 13 February 2020 / Accepted: 20 February 2020 / Published: 25 February 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Bioproducts for Health)
This study aimed to evaluate the chemical composition by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) analyses, the antioxidant activities evaluated by different in vitro assays namely 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH), 2,2′-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonic acid) (ABTS), Ferric Reducing Ability Power (FRAP), and β-carotene bleaching tests, and the inhibitory effects of enzymes linked to obesity (lipase, α-amylase, and α-glucosidase) of fixed seed oil of Ceiba speciosa (A. St.-Hil.). Fourteen compounds were identified. Linoleic acid (28.22%) was the most abundant followed by palmitic acid (19.56%). Malvalic acid (16.15%), sterculic acid (11.11%), and dihydrosterculic acid (2.74%) were also detected. C. speciosa fixed oil exerted a promising ABTS radicals scavenging activity with an IC50 value of 10.21 µg/mL, whereas an IC50 of 77.44 µg/mL against DPPH+ radicals was found. C. speciosa fixed oil inhibited lipase with an IC50 value of 127.57 µg/mL. The present investigation confirmed the functional properties of C. speciosa fixed oil, and proposes its use as valuable source of bioactive constituents. View Full-Text
Keywords: fixed oil; GC-MS; NMR; antioxidant; diabetes; obesity fixed oil; GC-MS; NMR; antioxidant; diabetes; obesity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Rosselli, S.; Tundis, R.; Bruno, M.; Leporini, M.; Falco, T.; Gagliano Candela, R.; Badalamenti, N.; Loizzo, M.R. Ceiba speciosa (A. St.-Hil.) Seeds Oil: Fatty Acids Profiling by GC-MS and NMR and Bioactivity. Molecules 2020, 25, 1037. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25051037

AMA Style

Rosselli S, Tundis R, Bruno M, Leporini M, Falco T, Gagliano Candela R, Badalamenti N, Loizzo MR. Ceiba speciosa (A. St.-Hil.) Seeds Oil: Fatty Acids Profiling by GC-MS and NMR and Bioactivity. Molecules. 2020; 25(5):1037. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25051037

Chicago/Turabian Style

Rosselli, Sergio; Tundis, Rosa; Bruno, Maurizio; Leporini, Mariarosaria; Falco, Tiziana; Gagliano Candela, Rossella; Badalamenti, Natale; Loizzo, Monica R. 2020. "Ceiba speciosa (A. St.-Hil.) Seeds Oil: Fatty Acids Profiling by GC-MS and NMR and Bioactivity" Molecules 25, no. 5: 1037. https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules25051037

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