In accordance with the provision in China Pharmacopoeia
, Citrus aurantium
L. (Sour orange—SZS) and Citrus sinensis
Osbeck (Sweet orange—TZS) are all in line with the requirements of Aurantii Fructus Immaturus
(ZS). Both kinds of ZS are also marketed in the market. With the frequent occurrence of depression, Zhi-Zi-Hou-Po decoction (ZZHPD) has attracted wide attention. Currently, studies have shown that ZZHPD has a potential toxicity risk, but the effect of two commercial varieties of ZS on ZZHPD has not been reported. In this study, the toxicity differences of ZZHPD prepared by SZS and TZS were revealed through repeated administration experiments in rats. This indicated that different varieties of ZS could affect the toxicity of the prescription. In order to further study the chemical material basis of the toxicity difference, the fingerprints of ZZHPD prepared by different varieties of ZS were established by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). Five different characteristic peaks were screened by non-target chemometrics. They were identified as geniposide, neoeriocitrin, naringin, hesperidin, and neohesperidin using an HPLC-time-of-flight mass spectrometry analyzer (TOF/MS) and an HPLC-triple stage quadrupole mass spectrometry analyzer (QqQ-MS/MS). Combined with a quantitative analysis and previous studies on promoting the intestinal absorption of geniposide, it is speculated that the synergistic effects of the components may be the main reason for the difference of toxicity among the different medicinal materials. This study provides a reference for the clinical, safe use of ZZHPD, and also provides a new perspective for the study of the potential toxic substances of traditional Chinese medicine compound preparations.
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