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Open AccessArticle

Composition of Sugars in Wild and Cultivated Lingonberries (Vaccinium vitis-idaea L.)

1
Laboratory of Biopharmaceutical Research, Institute of Pharmaceutical Technologies, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Sukileliu av. 13, LT-50162 Kaunas, Lithuania
2
Department of Pharmacognosy, Lithuanian University of Health Sciences, Sukileliu av. 13, LT-50162 Kaunas, Lithuania
3
Biomedical Sciences Department, Siauliai State College. Ausros av. 40, LT-76241 Siauliai, Lithuania
4
Paitaiciu str, The Botanical Garden of Siauliai University, 4, LT-77175 Siauliai, Lithuania
5
Laboratory of Biochemistry and Technology, Institute of Horticulture, Lithuanian Research Centre for Agriculture and Forestry, Kauno str. 30, LT-54333 Babtai, Kaunas distr., Lithuania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Toshio Morikawa
Molecules 2019, 24(23), 4225; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24234225
Received: 18 October 2019 / Revised: 16 November 2019 / Accepted: 18 November 2019 / Published: 20 November 2019
Products of lingonberries are widely used in the human diet; they are also promising beauty and health therapeutic candidates in the cosmetic and pharmaceutical industries. It is important to examine the sugar profile of these berries, due to potential deleterious health effects resulting from high sugar consumption. The aim of this study was to determine the composition of sugars in wild clones and cultivars or lower taxa of lingonberries by HPLC–ELSD method of analysis. Acceptable system suitability, linearity, limits of detection and quantification, precision, and accuracy of this analytical method were achieved. The same sugars with moderate amounts of fructose, glucose, and low amounts of sucrose were found in wild and cultivated lingonberries. Cultivar ‘Erntekrone’ and wild lingonberries collected from full sun, dry pine tree forests with lower altitude and latitude of the location, distinguished themselves with exclusive high contents of sugars. The changes in the sugar levels during the growing season were apparent in lingonberries and the highest amounts accumulated at the end of the vegetation. According to our findings, lingonberries seem to be an appropriate source of dietary sugars. View Full-Text
Keywords: Vaccinium vitis-idaea; lingonberry; sugars; cultivated berries; wild berries; HPLC–ELSD Vaccinium vitis-idaea; lingonberry; sugars; cultivated berries; wild berries; HPLC–ELSD
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MDPI and ACS Style

Vilkickyte, G.; Raudonis, R.; Motiekaityte, V.; Vainoriene, R.; Burdulis, D.; Viskelis, J.; Raudone, L. Composition of Sugars in Wild and Cultivated Lingonberries (Vaccinium vitis-idaea L.). Molecules 2019, 24, 4225.

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