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Open AccessArticle

Distribution Pattern, Emission Characteristics and Environmental Impact of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Download Ash and Dust from Iron and Steel Enterprise

1
School of Municipal and Environmental Engineering, Shandong Jianzhu University, Jinan 250101, China
2
Jinan Eco Environmental Monitoring Center, Jinan 250101, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Molecules 2019, 24(20), 3646; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules24203646
Received: 2 September 2019 / Revised: 26 September 2019 / Accepted: 30 September 2019 / Published: 9 October 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Organic Chemistry)
Download ash and emission dust samples were collected from sintering, coking, ironmaking and steelmaking processes of iron and steel enterprises in Laiwu. Sixteen kinds of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA) priority controlled lists were quantitatively analyzed using Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometer (GC-MS). Laser particle size analyzer was used to obtain the distribution pattern of download ash. It was found that the diameter distribution pattern from four production processes was quite different. The proportion of fine particulate (0–2.5 μm) was the highest (72.62%) in the steelmaking refining process, and was 28.962% in the ironmaking process. Moreover, the particle size in download ash from steelmaking refining is all less than 10 μm and that from the ironmaking process was 52.92%. The medium-sized particles (10–100 μm) were dominant in sinter and coking download ashes. The total PAHs (∑16PAHs) mass concentration ranged from 0.49 ± 0.06 to 69.63 ± 5.57 μg·g−1 in download ash samples, and varied from 2.815 ± 0.253 to 19.429 ± 2.545 μg·m−3 in emission dust samples. The ∑16PAHs values were both largest in download ash and dust emission from the coking process (69.63 ± 5.57 μg·g−1 and 19.429 ± 2.545 μg·m−3, respectively). The most abundant individual PAHs were benzo[b]fluoranthene, benzo[k]fluoranthene, phenanthrene, benzo[a]anthracene in ash samples, and benzo[a]anthracene, benzo[k]fluoranthene, benzo[b]fluoranthene and indeno[1,2,3-cd]pyrene in emission dust samples. Dominant compounds were high-molecular weight (four- to six-ring) PAHs in both ash and dust samples. The concentration order of individual compounds in PM10 and PM2.5 in ambient air around the steel plant was completely consistent with each other, and the concentration of ∑16PAHs was the highest in the steel plant and lowest in Daqin village because of upwind of the steel plant. The concentrations of benzo[b]fluoranthene and fluoranthene in ambient air were comparatively high, and were in accordance with the higher concentration of the two monomers in the download ash samples, which suggested that the effect of the emission flue gas from the steel plant on ambient air was necessary to concern. View Full-Text
Keywords: PAHs; emission characteristics; particle size distribution; environmental impact; iron and steel enterprise PAHs; emission characteristics; particle size distribution; environmental impact; iron and steel enterprise
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Sun, Y.; Chen, C.; Ding, C.; Liu, G.; Zhang, G. Distribution Pattern, Emission Characteristics and Environmental Impact of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Download Ash and Dust from Iron and Steel Enterprise. Molecules 2019, 24, 3646.

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