Next Article in Journal
Solar or UVA-Visible Photocatalytic Ozonation of Water Contaminants
Previous Article in Journal
Crystal Structure Analysis of the First Discovered Stability-Enhanced Solid State of Tenofovir Disoproxil Free Base Using Single Crystal X-ray Diffraction
Previous Article in Special Issue
[email protected]72: Computed Comparable Populations of Two Non-IPR Isomers
Article Menu
Issue 7 (July) cover image

Export Article

Open AccessFeature PaperReview
Molecules 2017, 22(7), 1179;

Functionalization of Endohedral Metallofullerenes with Reactive Silicon and Germanium Compounds

1,* , 2,* and 3,4,5,6,*
Department of Engineering Science, The University of Electro-Communications, Chofu 182-8585, Japan
Fukui Institute for Fundamental Chemistry, Kyoto University, Kyoto 606-8103, Japan
Life Science Center of Tsukuba Advanced Research Alliance, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8577, Japan
Department of Chemistry, Tokyo Gakugei University, Tokyo 184-8501, Japan
Foundation for Advancement of International Science, Ibaraki 305-0821, Japan
School of Materials Science and Engineering, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China
Dedicated to Professor Marian Mikołajczyk on the occasion of his 80th birthday.
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Kyriakos Porfyrakis
Received: 20 May 2017 / Accepted: 10 July 2017 / Published: 14 July 2017
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Endohedral Metallofullerenes)
Full-Text   |   PDF [3540 KB, uploaded 14 July 2017]   |  


Exohedral derivatization of endohedral metallofullerenes (EMFs) has been exploited as a useful method for characterizing the structural and chemical properties of EMFs, and for functionalizing them for potential applications. The introduction of heteroatoms, such as electropositive silicon atoms, to fullerene cages is a novel functionalization method that remarkably affects the electronic characteristics of fullerenes. This review comprehensively describes the results of the reactions of monometallofullerene, dimetallofullerene, and trimetallic nitride template EMFs with disilirane, silirane, silylene, and digermirane, which afforded the corresponding silylated and germylated fullerenes. Several examples emphasize that exohedral functionalization regulates the dynamic behaviors of the encapsulated metal atoms and clusters in the fullerene cages. The electronic effects of silyl and germyl groups are represented by comparing the redox properties of silylated and germylated EMFs with those of other EMFs derivatized with carbon-atom-based functional groups. View Full-Text
Keywords: endohedral metallofullerene; silylation; germylation; disilirane; silirane; silylene; digermirane endohedral metallofullerene; silylation; germylation; disilirane; silirane; silylene; digermirane

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Kako, M.; Nagase, S.; Akasaka, T. Functionalization of Endohedral Metallofullerenes with Reactive Silicon and Germanium Compounds. Molecules 2017, 22, 1179.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Molecules EISSN 1420-3049 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top