Next Article in Journal
Invasive Fungal Infections in the ICU: How to Approach, How to Treat
Previous Article in Journal
Analgesic Effect of Harpagophytum procumbens on Postoperative and Neuropathic Pain in Rats
Previous Article in Special Issue
Electronic Structure and Mesoscopic Simulations of Nonylphenol Ethoxylate Surfactants. A Combined DFT and DPD Study
Open AccessArticle

Concerted Halogen Bonding and Orthogonal Metal-Halogen Interactions in Dimers of Lithium Formamidinate and Halogenated Formamidines: An ab Initio Study

Department of Chemistry, DePaul University 1110 W. Belden Ave., Chicago, IL 60614, USA
Molecules 2014, 19(1), 1069-1084; https://doi.org/10.3390/molecules19011069
Received: 11 December 2013 / Revised: 6 January 2014 / Accepted: 14 January 2014 / Published: 17 January 2014
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Computational Chemistry)
Dimers of lithium formamidinate, CH(NH)2Li, and halogenated formamidines, HN=CHNHX, (X=Cl, Br, or I) are used as model systems to investigate simultaneous N-X···N and N-Li···N interactions, in tandem with orthogonal Li···X interactions. Geometry optimizations and energy calculations for the dimers are examined with the MP2 method and the M06-2X hybrid functional and the aug-cc-pVTZ basis set (the aug-cc-pVTZ-PP basis set is used for the iodine atom). Both methods predict the formation of a planar structure of C2v symmetry, regardless of the identity of the halogen atom. In this structure, the identities of the constituent monomers are essentially lost. Accordingly, the N-X···N interactions emerge as a rather symmetric quasi-linear N···X···N, where the covalent N-X bond in the halogenated formamidine is replaced by a partly covalent N···X interaction. Formation of the C2v structure is also driven by a fairly linear N···Li···N interaction parallel to the N···X···N interaction, and a Li···X interaction orthogonal to both the N···X···N and N···Li···N interactions. The strength of the interactions increases with the size of the halogen. The robustness of the interactions suggests that the dimers studied here or suitable analogues may find diverse applications including their use as novel polymeric synthons. View Full-Text
Keywords: halogen bonding; orthogonal self-assembling interactions; QTAIM; ab initio halogen bonding; orthogonal self-assembling interactions; QTAIM; ab initio
Show Figures

Graphical abstract

MDPI and ACS Style

Parra, R.D. Concerted Halogen Bonding and Orthogonal Metal-Halogen Interactions in Dimers of Lithium Formamidinate and Halogenated Formamidines: An ab Initio Study. Molecules 2014, 19, 1069-1084.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Back to TopTop