Next Article in Journal
A Facile Synthesis for Novel Loperamide Analogs as Potential μ Opioid Receptor Agonists
Previous Article in Journal
Textile Dye Removal from Wastewater Effluents Using Bioflocculants Produced by Indigenous Bacterial Isolates
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessArticle
Molecules 2012, 17(12), 14275-14287;

In Vitro Antimicrobial, Antioxidant, Cytotoxicity and GC-MS Analysis of Mazus goodenifolius

Department of Chemistry, Government College University Faisalabad-38000, Pakistan
Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad-38040, Pakistan
Institute of Advanced Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang 43400, Selangor, Malaysia
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 15 June 2012 / Revised: 18 October 2012 / Accepted: 29 October 2012 / Published: 3 December 2012
(This article belongs to the Section Medicinal Chemistry)
PDF [573 KB, uploaded 18 June 2014]


The antimicrobial, antioxidant and cytotoxic properties of Mazus goodenifolius (Hornem.) Pennell essential oil, methanol extract and some solvent-extracted subfractions of the latter were appraised. A qualitative, quantitative analysis of the classes of phytochemicals in the various fractions and GC-MS analysis of the essential oil was carried out. The activity of the plant extract and various subfractions against selected bacterial (Pasturella multocida, Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis and Staphylococcus aureus) and fungal strains (Aspergillus niger, Aspergillus flavus, Alternaria alternata and Rhizopus solani) was evaluated. The antioxidant activity was assayed using the DPPH radical scavenging and % inhibition of linoleic acid peroxidation tests. In the DPPH radical scavenging test the IC50 values ranged from 7.21 to 91.79 µg/mL, and in the latter the range of % peroxidation inhibition was 35.42–93.48%. Protective effects of the absolute methanol extract, which had the highest content of phenolics and flavonoids, against H2O2 induced oxidative damage in plasmid pBR322 DNA was also evaluated, and it was found to offer some protection at the highest tested dose (1,000 µg/mL). Finally the cytotoxicity of the plant extract, fractions and essential oil was analyzed by examining haemolytic activity against human blood erythrocytes (RBCs), whereby the % lysis of RBCs was found to be in the range of 1.65 to 4.01%.
Keywords: Mazus goodenifolius; antimicrobial; antioxidant; cytotoxicity; GC-MS Mazus goodenifolius; antimicrobial; antioxidant; cytotoxicity; GC-MS
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY 3.0).

Supplementary material


Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Riaz, M.; Rasool, N.; Bukhari, I.H.; Shahid, M.; Zubair, M.; Rizwan, K.; Rashid, U. In Vitro Antimicrobial, Antioxidant, Cytotoxicity and GC-MS Analysis of Mazus goodenifolius. Molecules 2012, 17, 14275-14287.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Molecules EISSN 1420-3049 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top