Topic Editors

Department of Environment, University of the Aegean, Xenia building, 81132 Mytilene, Greece
Department of Agricultural and Forest Sciences, Tuscia University, Via S. C. de Lellis, snc, 01100 Viterbo, Italy
Division of Water Resources Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Lund University, 22100 Lund, Sweden
Dr. Arshiya Noorani
Plant Conservation Consultant, Plant Production and Protection Division, FAO, Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00153 Rome, Italy

Nature-Based Solutions

Abstract submission deadline
closed (28 December 2022)
Manuscript submission deadline
closed (31 August 2023)
Viewed by
44237
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Topic Information

Dear Colleagues,

'Nature-based solutions' (NbS) is an umbrella term for ecosystem-based approaches. It includes several actions in harmony with natural principles to achieve development goals and addressing challenges, while benefitting human livelihoods and the environment.

The NbS approach includes actions that are carried out with the collaboration of local communities, focusing on key elements such as: protection, restoration or management of ecosystems and ecosystem services; sustainable management of water systems, coastal areas, arable, grassland, and forest areas; and creation of green zones in and around urban and peri-urban areas.

In this multidisciplinary topic, studies focus on, inter alia, (a) ecosystem restoration, (b) ecosystem-based adaptation and climate change adaptation, (c) natural and green infrastructures, (d) ecosystem-based management approaches, (e) ecosystem and biodiversity conservation, (f) circular economy, and (g) the contribution of nature-based solutions to reducing the risk of future pandemics, are warmly welcome.

Prof. Dr. Panayiotis G. Dimitrakopoulos
Prof. Dr. Mario A. Pagnotta
Prof. Dr. Miklas Scholz
Dr. Arshiya Noorani
Topic Editors

Keywords

  • ecosystem restoration
  • ecosystem-based adaptation
  • ecosystem-based management
  • biodiversity conservation and management
  • climate change mitigation and adaptation
  • green infrastructures
  • circular economy
  • genetic diversity
  • integrated constructed wetlands
  • phytoremediation
  • ecosystem services

Participating Journals

Journal Name Impact Factor CiteScore Launched Year First Decision (median) APC
Diversity
diversity
2.4 3.1 2009 17.8 Days CHF 2600
Forests
forests
2.9 4.5 2010 16.9 Days CHF 2600
Land
land
3.9 3.7 2012 14.8 Days CHF 2600
Plants
plants
4.5 5.4 2012 15.3 Days CHF 2700
Sustainability
sustainability
3.9 5.8 2009 18.8 Days CHF 2400

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Published Papers (18 papers)

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23 pages, 947 KiB  
Article
Mainstreaming Nature-Based Solutions in City Planning: Examining Scale, Focus, and Visibility as Drivers of Intervention Success in Liverpool, UK
by Ian Mell, Sarah Clement and Fearghus O’Sullivan
Land 2023, 12(7), 1371; https://doi.org/10.3390/land12071371 - 08 Jul 2023
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 2932
Abstract
Nature-based solutions (NBS) have been central to the European Union’s drive to address climate change, ecological degradation, and promote urban prosperity. Via an examination of the Horizon 2020-funded URBAN GreenUP project in Liverpool, this paper explores mainstreaming NBS in city planning. It uses [...] Read more.
Nature-based solutions (NBS) have been central to the European Union’s drive to address climate change, ecological degradation, and promote urban prosperity. Via an examination of the Horizon 2020-funded URBAN GreenUP project in Liverpool, this paper explores mainstreaming NBS in city planning. It uses evidence from pre- and post-intervention surveys with Liverpool residents and interviews with local business, environmental, government, and community sector experts to illustrate how a complex interplay of scale, location, focus, and visibility of NBS influences perceptions of the added value of NBS. This paper highlights the requirement that NBS interventions be bespoke and responsive to the overarching needs of residents and other stakeholders. Moreover, we underscore the importance of expert input into the design, location, and maintenance of NBS and call for these key drivers of successful delivery to be better integrated into work programs. This paper also notes that the type and size of NBS interventions impact perceptions of their value, with smaller projects being viewed as less socially and ecologically valuable compared to larger investments. We conclude that while small-scale NBS can support climatic, health, or ecological improvements in specific instances, strategic, larger-scale, and more visible investments are required to accrue substantive benefits and gain acceptance of NBS as a legitimate and effective planning tool. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Nature-Based Solutions)
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21 pages, 6188 KiB  
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Wave Height Attenuation over a Nature-Based Breakwater of Floating Emergent Vegetation
by Yanhong Li, Dongliang Zhao, Guoliang Yu and Liquan Xie
Sustainability 2023, 15(14), 10749; https://doi.org/10.3390/su151410749 - 08 Jul 2023
Viewed by 985
Abstract
The nature-based breakwater of floating emergent vegetation (BFEV) provides protection for water banks and various engineering structures from wave erosion. Compared with the convenient hard breakwater, the BFEV is beneficial to the resilient and sustainable development of rivers, lakes, coasts, and marine areas [...] Read more.
The nature-based breakwater of floating emergent vegetation (BFEV) provides protection for water banks and various engineering structures from wave erosion. Compared with the convenient hard breakwater, the BFEV is beneficial to the resilient and sustainable development of rivers, lakes, coasts, and marine areas because it is free of new pollution. As a new breakwater, the unrevealed effect and efficiency of the BFEV on wave attenuation are to be investigated through a set of 312 physical tests in a rectangular indoor water flume in the present study. Results show that the wave height attenuates by 38–62%. Based on statistical methods, the main influencing factors of the wave transmitted coefficient (Ct) are found to be closely dependent on three conventional and newly proposed dimensionless parameters (λ1, λ2, λ3, λ4). Three conventional parameters include the wave orbital velocity, wave period, and the BFEV-width and stem spacing-based parameter (λ1, λ2), and the ratio of stem spacing to wave height (λ3). The newly proposed parameter (λ4) is the ratio of gravity to wave orbital acceleration, which is significantly positively related to the wave height attenuation. A multiple linear regression formula for Ct based on these four parameters is obtained with a high correlation coefficient of 0.958. This study is expected to supplement the wave attenuation data of this new breakwater and provide fundamental theory for the design and construction of the BFEV. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Nature-Based Solutions)
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18 pages, 4382 KiB  
Article
Calculating and Mapping the Naturalness of Peri-Urban Greenways
by Aitor Àvila Callau, Yolanda Pérez-Albert and Jesús Vías Martínez
Forests 2023, 14(6), 1181; https://doi.org/10.3390/f14061181 - 07 Jun 2023
Viewed by 1043
Abstract
Peri-urban forests often have extensive greenway networks that allow for outdoor recreation. However, information associated with these greenways often does not include their degree of naturalness, which is usually reduced to descriptions of the flora and fauna and often overlooks the factors that [...] Read more.
Peri-urban forests often have extensive greenway networks that allow for outdoor recreation. However, information associated with these greenways often does not include their degree of naturalness, which is usually reduced to descriptions of the flora and fauna and often overlooks the factors that reduce naturalness. Therefore, in some cases, the naturalness of these greenways is lower than expected. Quantifying their naturalness would be helpful, especially for hikers interested in appreciating and enjoying nature. Additionally, this information would help outdoor recreation managers to design trails or decide which ones to promote as “greenways”. The objectives of this study are (1) to design a method to calculate and map the naturalness of greenways using two approaches, one based on perceptual fieldwork and the other on geographic information systems (GIS); (2) to apply the designed method to a specific greenway; and (3) to compare both methodological approaches. The results show that, for the greenway studied, the naturalness scores obtained are low in all three types of analyses used. Around 70% of the greenway sections in the GIS visibility analysis and 80% in the GIS proximity analysis have a low naturalness index. In comparison, this value is reduced to 40% with the fieldwork analysis. Although the results of the GIS approach (proximity and visibility) generate naturalness indices and spatial patterns that are very similar, they differ significantly from those derived from the fieldwork analysis. The discussion of the results suggests that the three methodologies used are valid for analyzing the degree of naturalness of the trails. However, if used together, it could add flexibility to the type of variables incorporated in the analysis. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Nature-Based Solutions)
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15 pages, 530 KiB  
Article
Comparison of Vegetables of Ecological and Commercial Production: Physicochemical and Antioxidant Properties
by Zacnicté Olguín-Hernández, Quinatzin Yadira Zafra-Rojas, Nelly del Socorro Cruz-Cansino, Jose Alberto Ariza-Ortega, Javier Añorve-Morga, Deyanira Ojeda-Ramírez, Reyna Nallely Falfan-Cortes, Jose Arias-Rico and Esther Ramírez-Moreno
Sustainability 2023, 15(6), 5117; https://doi.org/10.3390/su15065117 - 14 Mar 2023
Viewed by 1412
Abstract
This research aimed to compare some physicochemical and antioxidant properties in vegetables (chard, beet, coriander, spinach, lettuce, radish, carrot, and tomato) of ecological and commercial production. The ecological products were cultivated and obtained from three harvests in an ecology garden with standardized methodologies [...] Read more.
This research aimed to compare some physicochemical and antioxidant properties in vegetables (chard, beet, coriander, spinach, lettuce, radish, carrot, and tomato) of ecological and commercial production. The ecological products were cultivated and obtained from three harvests in an ecology garden with standardized methodologies for implementation while the commercial samples were obtained from a local supplier. On the same purchase or harvest day, the color, texture, moisture, and ashes parameters were measured in the fresh produce without unpeeling. In the lyophilized samples, bioactive compounds (total phenolic compounds, ascorbic acid, chlorophyll a and b, β-carotenes, anthocyanins, betalains, and lycopene) were determined, and antioxidant activity was found using the 2,2-azino-bis-3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid (ABTS•+), 2,2′-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and ferric-reducing antioxidant power (FRAP) assays, and chelating activity. The ecological vegetables presented better color (high luminosity and intensity) than commercial samples, and, according to the value of ΔE, this is a difference that can be perceived by the human eye. In the same way, the ecological vegetables were more turgid than the commercial samples (p < 0.05). The content of bioactive compounds was found in higher concentrations in ecologically produced vegetables and this was correlated positively with antioxidant capacity. It is important to carry out more studies to determine the effect on health of these vegetables when they are integrated into the diet and thus to be able to recommend their inclusion in the diet as a sustainability strategy in the production of vegetables for self-consumption. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Nature-Based Solutions)
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23 pages, 3287 KiB  
Review
Bibliometric Analysis and Comprehensive Review of Stormwater Treatment Wetlands: Global Research Trends and Existing Knowledge Gaps
by Nash Jett D. G. Reyes, Franz Kevin F. Geronimo, Heidi B. Guerra and Lee-Hyung Kim
Sustainability 2023, 15(3), 2332; https://doi.org/10.3390/su15032332 - 27 Jan 2023
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2053
Abstract
Stormwater treatment wetlands are widely recognized as efficient and cost-effective solutions to growing stormwater problems. This study presented a new approach to evaluating the current status and trends in stormwater treatment wetlands research. The annual scientific productivity of different states was identified using [...] Read more.
Stormwater treatment wetlands are widely recognized as efficient and cost-effective solutions to growing stormwater problems. This study presented a new approach to evaluating the current status and trends in stormwater treatment wetlands research. The annual scientific productivity of different states was identified using a bibliometric analysis approach. The number of publications related to stormwater treatment wetlands has exhibited an increasing trend since the earliest record of publication. USA and China were among the states that had the most number of stormwater treatment wetlands-related publications and international collaborations. In terms of the population-to-publication ratio, Australia, Canada, and South Korea were found to have a higher level of scientific productivity. Analysis of frequently used keywords and terms in scientific publications revealed that the efficiency of stormwater treatment wetlands and the processes involved in the removal of nutrients and trace elements were adequately investigated; however, inquiries on the removal of organic micropollutants and emerging pollutants, such as pharmaceuticals and personal care products, microplastics, and industrial compounds, among others, are still lacking. Through the comprehensive review of related scientific works, the design, components, and primary factors affecting the performance of stormwater treatment wetlands were also identified. Future works that address the aforementioned knowledge gaps are recommended to optimize the benefits of stormwater treatment wetlands. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Nature-Based Solutions)
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16 pages, 2555 KiB  
Review
A Review of Ecosystem Service Trade-Offs/Synergies: Enlightenment for the Optimization of Forest Ecosystem Functions in Karst Desertification Control
by Xuehua Deng, Kangning Xiong, Yanghua Yu, Shihao Zhang, Lingwei Kong and Yu Zhang
Forests 2023, 14(1), 88; https://doi.org/10.3390/f14010088 - 03 Jan 2023
Cited by 14 | Viewed by 2855
Abstract
Ecosystem services provide regulation, provisioning, support, and cultural benefits for human survival, but it needs to be clarified how the trade-off/synergy relationships can be used to optimize function. Based on the Web of Science (WOS) and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases, we [...] Read more.
Ecosystem services provide regulation, provisioning, support, and cultural benefits for human survival, but it needs to be clarified how the trade-off/synergy relationships can be used to optimize function. Based on the Web of Science (WOS) and China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI) databases, we collected 254 articles on the ecosystem trade-offs/synergies and functional optimization. Through a systematic review of the literature, this paper summarized the research progress and landmark achievements from three aspects: trade-offs/synergies, functional optimization, and evaluation methods. The results indicated the following: (1) In terms of the number of articles published, there were no reports before 2005; from 2006 to 2022, the annual number of published papers increased from 1 to 72, showing an overall growth trend year by year. This mainly includes three stages: initial (1970–2005), slow development (2005–2014), and rapid development (2014–2022). (2) In terms of research areas, focus was placed mainly on Asia, North America, and Europe, accounting for 40.47%, 25.55%, and 15.07% of all regions, respectively. (3) In the future, it is necessary to focus on scientific issues such as the improvement of forest ecosystem functions, the trade-off/synergy relationships between services, the scale of spatiotemporal research, and the driving factors and evaluation methods for the management of rocky karst desertification. The aim is to provide a theoretical basis to optimize the forest ecosystem service functions. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Nature-Based Solutions)
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21 pages, 3315 KiB  
Article
Implementing Nature-Based Solutions in Urban Spaces in the Context of the Sense of Danger That Citizens May Feel
by Barbara Vojvodíková, Iva Tichá and Anna Starzewska-Sikorska
Land 2022, 11(10), 1712; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11101712 - 02 Oct 2022
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 2336
Abstract
Cities are facing the challenges of climate change. The application of nature-based solutions (NBS) to the urban structure is often mentioned in climate change adaptation strategies. In an effort to ensure the greatest possible well-being of citizens in the form of environmentally positive [...] Read more.
Cities are facing the challenges of climate change. The application of nature-based solutions (NBS) to the urban structure is often mentioned in climate change adaptation strategies. In an effort to ensure the greatest possible well-being of citizens in the form of environmentally positive elements, the opinions of citizens are forgotten. This paper presents the results of research focusing on the feelings of unsafety associated with the application of NBS elements directly into the urban structure. In two pilot areas (Ostrava (CZ) and the part of Upper Silesian agglomeration (PL)) the feelings of the inhabitants and the possible feeling of fear or danger in the application of NBS were investigated. In Ostrava, a questionnaire survey was conducted in relation to specific elements of the NBS without discussion of specific locations. In the Upper Silesian agglomeration, residents’ feelings about specific NBS were surveyed at specific locations using guided interviews. Both approaches resulted in the identification of elements of concern. Respondents who discussed a specific location had a better understanding of the urban context and worried less. The two approaches demonstrated the need to communicate with residents before finalizing the design of a particular public space and the desirability of discussing site-specific issues with citizens. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Nature-Based Solutions)
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16 pages, 17584 KiB  
Article
Knowledge about Plant Coexistence during Vegetation Succession for Forest Management on the Loess Plateau, China
by Qilong Tian, Xiaoping Zhang, Xiaoming Xu, Haijie Yi, Jie He, Liang He and Weinan Sun
Forests 2022, 13(9), 1456; https://doi.org/10.3390/f13091456 - 10 Sep 2022
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 1763
Abstract
Coexistence between species within plant communities is a key issue in the practice of revegetation, forest management, and biodiversity conservation. Vegetation restoration is critical to control soil erosion and improve the ecological environment on the Loess Plateau. Here, we investigate the interspecific relationships [...] Read more.
Coexistence between species within plant communities is a key issue in the practice of revegetation, forest management, and biodiversity conservation. Vegetation restoration is critical to control soil erosion and improve the ecological environment on the Loess Plateau. Here, we investigate the interspecific relationships of dominant plants during natural vegetation succession on the Loess Plateau. The results suggest that, under the ecological process of environmental filtering, species within communities can reduce interspecific competition and promote species coexistence via spatial heterogeneity and temporal asynchronous differences. The ecological niche overlap index (Oik) significantly and positively correlated with the strength of interspecific associations. Most species pairs had weak competition and more stable interspecific relationships. The results of the χ2 test showed that 317 species pairs were positively associated and 118 were negatively associated. The community is in a positive succession process, and the interaction relationship between species tends to be neutral. We should enhance the protection of positively associated species and pay attention to negatively associated species during forest management. Results revealed that Carex lanceolata Boott and Lespedeza bicolor Turcz coexisted easily with other species for mutual benefit, which could help build artificial forestland of native species to improve the ecological function. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Nature-Based Solutions)
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12 pages, 2407 KiB  
Article
Tree Species Composition and Forest Community Types along Environmental Gradients in Htamanthi Wildlife Sanctuary, Myanmar: Implications for Action Prioritization in Conservation
by Myo Min Latt and Byung Bae Park
Plants 2022, 11(16), 2180; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11162180 - 22 Aug 2022
Cited by 6 | Viewed by 2506
Abstract
The identification of forest community types is essential for prioritizing choices and targets in species and community conservation purposes amid climate change impacts on forest community dynamics. Here, we determined the tree species composition, species diversity, and the forest community types across contrasting [...] Read more.
The identification of forest community types is essential for prioritizing choices and targets in species and community conservation purposes amid climate change impacts on forest community dynamics. Here, we determined the tree species composition, species diversity, and the forest community types across contrasting topographic and edaphic conditions in Htamanthi Wildlife Sanctuary (HWS), Myanmar. All tree species with diameter at breast height (DBH) ≥10 cm were recorded in 66 plots (625 m2), from which the species diversity, density, frequency, dominance, and importance value (IV) of each tree species were measured. The soil hardness (Hd), bulk density (BD), moisture content (MC), organic matter content (OM), texture, pH, total N, and available P, K, Ca, Na, and Mg concentrations were also analyzed. The elevation (ELV) and slope (SLP) were also measured as the topographic factors. Cluster analysis resulted in five distinct forest communities and the soil Ca, Mg, clay proportion, soil hardness, and elevation were the major influencing factors. The species diversity in HWS ranged from low to very high relative values, with 209 tree species belonging to 119 genera and 55 families. Identification of these community types and understanding the diversity levels and major factors influencing the community structure may play a key role in the planning, prioritization, and implementation of species and community conservation strategies amid the unpredictable impacts of climate change on forest community dynamics. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Nature-Based Solutions)
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21 pages, 4801 KiB  
Article
Momoge Internationally Important Wetland: Ecosystem Integrity Remote Assessment and Spatial Pattern Optimization Study
by Jiaqi Han, Dongyan Wang and Shuwen Zhang
Land 2022, 11(8), 1344; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11081344 - 18 Aug 2022
Cited by 2 | Viewed by 1714
Abstract
Along the migration route between East Asia and Australia, numerous migratory birds use the Momoge Internationally Important Wetland as a habitat. Human activities and climate variability cause salinization and meadowization. We developed the “Quality-Pressure-Pattern-Service” remote assessment framework for ecosystem integrity, using a three [...] Read more.
Along the migration route between East Asia and Australia, numerous migratory birds use the Momoge Internationally Important Wetland as a habitat. Human activities and climate variability cause salinization and meadowization. We developed the “Quality-Pressure-Pattern-Service” remote assessment framework for ecosystem integrity, using a three level approach (TLA). The model was used to assess ecosystem integrity, identify improper wetland development, and provide spatial optimization strategies. The research region was dominated by wetlands, followed by dry fields. Wetlands continued to decrease between 1965 and 2019, as arable land and construction land continued to increase. Over the course of 54 years, ecosystem integrity declined. In 2019, around half of the areas had poor or extremely poor ecosystem integrity. Because the eastern study area contained many pristine inland beaches, the eastern study area displayed greater ecosystem integrity than the central and western areas. Priority should therefore be given to wetland restoration in the HJ core area (one of the three core areas of the reserve), where most of the herb marsh has been converted to arable land. This study revealed the integrity and authenticity of wetland ecosystems. Our results can aid in the protection of wetland habitats, encourage sustainable development, and help in the building of a national park in northeastern China. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Nature-Based Solutions)
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19 pages, 880 KiB  
Article
Barriers and Levers for the Implantation of Sustainable Nature-Based Solutions in Cities: Insights from France
by Chloé Duffaut, Nathalie Frascaria-Lacoste and Pierre-Antoine Versini
Sustainability 2022, 14(16), 9975; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14169975 - 12 Aug 2022
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 2583
Abstract
The challenges of the 21st century, namely, climate change and loss of biodiversity, especially present in heavily populated areas, should be addressed. Nature-based Solutions (NBS) seem to offer a suitable answer to these challenges. However, this new concept is not always easy to [...] Read more.
The challenges of the 21st century, namely, climate change and loss of biodiversity, especially present in heavily populated areas, should be addressed. Nature-based Solutions (NBS) seem to offer a suitable answer to these challenges. However, this new concept is not always easy to implement in a sustainable manner. In an effort to identify the barriers and levers for the implementation in cities of these sustainable NBS, several professionals working on them in France were interviewed. The first analysis with the most quoted words shows that the constraints would be mainly related to technique, management, biodiversity and people. The levers would be related to projects, roofs, people, legislation and services. Further analysis shows that most of the interviewees feel that the main barriers are the lack of knowledge, political will, financial resources and regulations. There are also cultural limitations, such as the use of exotic horticultural plants rather than wild local species. According to them, the technical problems should be easy to solve. To address these issues, the interviewees propose the development of transdisciplinary research disciplines, as well as on-field collaboration between all NBS actors in cities. They also recommend specific funds for NBS and their implication in related regulations. Demonstrative examples of urban NBS highlighting their multiple benefits are also needed to encourage their replication or upscaling. Education and communication are essential to shift the traditional points of view on nature in the city. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Nature-Based Solutions)
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14 pages, 2676 KiB  
Article
Examining the Economic Value of Tourism and Visitor Preferences: A Portrait of Sustainability Ecotourism in the Tangkahan Protection Area, Gunung Leuser National Park, North Sumatra, Indonesia
by Agus Purwoko, Dodik Ridho Nurrochmat, Meti Ekayani, Syamsu Rijal and Herlina Leontin Garura
Sustainability 2022, 14(14), 8272; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14148272 - 06 Jul 2022
Cited by 8 | Viewed by 2678
Abstract
North Sumatra Province has the Tangkahan Nature Tourism Area, which represents ecotourism managed by local communities, established in 2001, which has now become the leading tourism destination of North Sumatra both locally and internationally. Tangkahan ecotourism is an example of payment for environmental [...] Read more.
North Sumatra Province has the Tangkahan Nature Tourism Area, which represents ecotourism managed by local communities, established in 2001, which has now become the leading tourism destination of North Sumatra both locally and internationally. Tangkahan ecotourism is an example of payment for environmental services for the Tangkahan community, which initially carried out illegal logging in the mount Leuseur national park and then agreed to preserve the national park through ecotourism. This study aims to analyze the economic value of tourism and the preferences of tourists to revisit, along with the factors that influence them, where these conditions can be an illustration of the sustainability of Tangkahan ecotourism. The travel cost method is used to calculate the economic value of Tangkahan Ecotourism environmental services. The factors that affect the economic value, intensity of visits, and interest in revisiting, were analyzed using multiple linear regression. The results showed that Tangkahan ecotourism has a relatively high economic value, supported by the intensity and interest of tourist visits. Factors that affect the economic value and preferences of tourist visits can be managed for the sustainability of Tangkahan ecotourism so as not to lose the economic value of the ecotourism environmental services. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Nature-Based Solutions)
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20 pages, 2299 KiB  
Article
Microbiological Analysis and Metagenomic Profiling of the Bacterial Community of an Anthropogenic Soil Modified from Typic Haploxererts
by Pietro Barbaccia, Carmelo Dazzi, Elena Franciosi, Rosalia Di Gerlando, Luca Settanni and Giuseppe Lo Papa
Land 2022, 11(5), 748; https://doi.org/10.3390/land11050748 - 18 May 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2295
Abstract
This work aimed to characterize the microbial communities of an anthropogenic soil originating from application of pedotechniques to Vertisols in a Mediterranean environment. Bare soil profiles were sampled at three depths (0–10 cm, 10–30 cm, and 30–50 cm) and compared with the original [...] Read more.
This work aimed to characterize the microbial communities of an anthropogenic soil originating from application of pedotechniques to Vertisols in a Mediterranean environment. Bare soil profiles were sampled at three depths (0–10 cm, 10–30 cm, and 30–50 cm) and compared with the original soil not transformed at the same depths. The anthropogenic soils were characterized by a higher CaCO3 concentration (360–640 g/kg) than control soil (190–200 g/kg), while an opposite trend was registered for clay, where control soil showed a higher concentration (465 g/kg on average) than anthropogenic soil (355 g/kg on average). Organic carbon content was much higher in the untransformed soil. All samples were microbiologically investigated using a combined culture-dependent and -independent approach. Each pedon displayed a generally decreasing level with soil depth for the several microbial groups investigated; in particular, filamentous fungi were below the detection limit at 30–50 cm. To isolate bacteria actively involved in soil particle aggregation, colonies with mucoid appearance were differentiated at the strain level and genetically identified: the major groups were represented by Bacillus and Pseudomonas. MiSeq Illumina analysis identified Actinobacteria and Firmicutes as the main groups. A high microbial variability was found in all the three anthropogenic pedons and the microorganisms constitute a mature community. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Nature-Based Solutions)
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19 pages, 9813 KiB  
Article
Green Infrastructure Network Identification at a Regional Scale: The Case of Nanjing Metropolitan Area, China
by Wei Liu, Hao Xu, Xiaotong Zhang and Wenqi Jiang
Forests 2022, 13(5), 735; https://doi.org/10.3390/f13050735 - 09 May 2022
Cited by 8 | Viewed by 2567
Abstract
Clustered urban development has caused increasing fragmentation and islanding of regional ecological spaces. Creating a green infrastructure network (GIN) is a practical method of ensuring regional ecological security. This study proposed a method of GIN identification at the regional scale based on the [...] Read more.
Clustered urban development has caused increasing fragmentation and islanding of regional ecological spaces. Creating a green infrastructure network (GIN) is a practical method of ensuring regional ecological security. This study proposed a method of GIN identification at the regional scale based on the Nanjing Metropolitan Area as an example. In this method, green hubs were identified using morphological spatial pattern analysis and connectivity indexes, green corridors were simulated based on the least-cost path model, and key optimization nodes were identified using circuit theory. The results indicated that green hubs covered an area of 5042.07 km2, of which, 15.40% were cross-border, and the potential corridors were distributed in a network, with the key ecological nodes primarily narrowly situated. By comparing the hubs with the statutory green space protection area and the urban ecological control line, the identification results were more than 70% accurate, showing that the results were valid and reliable. This method not only made the identification of regional GIN more practical and replicable but also further identified key areas that need priority protection. This study provides a method for constructing regional GIN and serves as a strong guide for ecological and development planning of other urban clustered areas. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Nature-Based Solutions)
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16 pages, 9326 KiB  
Article
Enhancing Regional Tourism Development in the Protected Areas Using the Total Economic Value Approach
by Moaaz Kabil, Rahaf Alayan, Zoltán Lakner and Lóránt Dénes Dávid
Forests 2022, 13(5), 727; https://doi.org/10.3390/f13050727 - 06 May 2022
Cited by 9 | Viewed by 2403
Abstract
This research aims to boost tourism development in natural protected areas through the classification of the tourism hiking trails based on biodiversity ecosystem services values. The Total Economic Value (TEV) approach was used as the main research method to estimate the monetary value [...] Read more.
This research aims to boost tourism development in natural protected areas through the classification of the tourism hiking trails based on biodiversity ecosystem services values. The Total Economic Value (TEV) approach was used as the main research method to estimate the monetary value of the various ecosystem resources in Abu Qubies Syrian protected area. Five main tourism hiking trails in Abu Qubies were identified in order to be classified based on the economic value of their ecosystem resources. The study findings highlighted the importance of protected areas in enhancing tourism activities, especially natural-based ones. Additionally, this research identified the most economically valuable tourism hiking trails in the reserve, thus providing a supporting tool for decision-makers regarding tourism development in protected areas. This study presents the importance of the conservation perspective of natural resources in protected areas without ignoring their physical monetary value that can help governments in boosting local communities as well as the national, regional and local economies. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Nature-Based Solutions)
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18 pages, 792 KiB  
Article
Research Framework Built Natural-Based Solutions (NBSs) as Green Hotels
by Taeuk Kim and Sunmi Yun
Sustainability 2022, 14(7), 4282; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14074282 - 04 Apr 2022
Cited by 4 | Viewed by 2445
Abstract
In this study, value-belief-norm (VBN) theory and the social exchange theory (SET) were applied to predict hotel customers’ pro-environmental responsibility behavior intention (PRBI) for the characteristics of NBSs in green hotels—specifically, to investigate the relationship between NBSs as green hotel and PRBI, and [...] Read more.
In this study, value-belief-norm (VBN) theory and the social exchange theory (SET) were applied to predict hotel customers’ pro-environmental responsibility behavior intention (PRBI) for the characteristics of NBSs in green hotels—specifically, to investigate the relationship between NBSs as green hotel and PRBI, and to test its mediating effect on pro-environmental perceived (PPV), pro-environmental perceived belief (PPVBE), personal pro-environmental norms (PPN), attitude toward environmental behavior (ATEB), mental health (MH), well-being (WB), and satisfaction (SA) and the moderating effect of locations (urban, rural) among these variables toward pro-environmental responsibility behavior intention (PRBI). Data were collected using a survey of 440 customers who had visited green hotels in the Republic of Korea within the last 12 months. We used to test the research hypotheses by structural equation modeling (SEM). The findings generally supported the hypothesized associations between variables within our proposed theoretical framework and confirmed the moderating effect of location. The study’s results have important theoretical and practical implications for the environment. We investigated the relationship between the characteristics of NBSs and PRBI of green hotels, and we investigated the relationship between psychological state, attitude, and behavior of green hotel customers by applying variables suitable for ART, SET, and VBN. In addition, we verified the moderating effect of customers’ green behavior and attitudes toward green hotels located in urban and rural areas. Moreover, these findings herein may encourage green hotels to participate in preventing environmental problems. It provides primary data on customers’ perception of ecofriendliness in establishing corporate management strategies. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Nature-Based Solutions)
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20 pages, 2996 KiB  
Article
New Polyfunctional Biorationals Use to Achieve Competitive Yield of Organic Potatoes in the North-West Russian Ecosystem
by Irina Novikova, Vladislav Minin, Julia Titova, Anton Zakharov, Irina Krasnobaeva, Irina Boikova and Evgeniy Murzaev
Plants 2022, 11(7), 962; https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11070962 - 01 Apr 2022
Cited by 5 | Viewed by 2292
Abstract
To increase the organic potato yield, it is necessary to provide the crop with sufficient nutrients and effective means of biocontrol the diseases. The research goal was to characterize the biorationals’ efficacy to achieve competitive organic potatoes’ yield under various weather conditions. A [...] Read more.
To increase the organic potato yield, it is necessary to provide the crop with sufficient nutrients and effective means of biocontrol the diseases. The research goal was to characterize the biorationals’ efficacy to achieve competitive organic potatoes’ yield under various weather conditions. A 4-year trial was carried out in the Leningrad region using Udacha variety potatoes. The tests used liquid forms of new polyfunctional biologicals Kartofin based on highly active Bacillus subtilis I-5-12/23 and organic fertilizer BIAGUM obtained from poultry manure by aerobic fermentation in a closed biofermenter. Significant stimulation in plant growth and development to the flowering phase regardless of the hydrothermal conditions of the growing season was noted. The stimulating effect was determined by the combined use of biorationals pro rata to BIAGUM dose. Kartofin biologicals and BIAGUM almost doubled the potato tubers’ yield compared to the control, regardless of the growing season conditions. At the flowering phase, the biological efficacy in potato fungal diseases incidence and development was near 90% under optimal and 50–75% under drought hydrothermal conditions. At the end of vegetation, the efficiency in fungal diseases incidence and development made up 45–65% under optimal and 45–70% under dry conditions. BIAGUM effectiveness in reducing disease development reached 45–50% regardless of growing season conditions. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Nature-Based Solutions)
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15 pages, 3510 KiB  
Article
Can Nature-Based Solutions (NBSs) for Stress Recovery in Green Hotels Affect Re-Patronage Intention?
by Sunmi Yun and Taeuk Kim
Sustainability 2022, 14(6), 3670; https://doi.org/10.3390/su14063670 - 21 Mar 2022
Cited by 3 | Viewed by 2173
Abstract
Our research framework in this paper investigated natural-based solutions (NBSs) at green hotels. We employed attention restoration theory (ART) to test the mediating effect of perceived stress (PS), psychological wellness (PW), satisfaction (SA), and the moderating effect of health consciousness (HC) on re-patronage [...] Read more.
Our research framework in this paper investigated natural-based solutions (NBSs) at green hotels. We employed attention restoration theory (ART) to test the mediating effect of perceived stress (PS), psychological wellness (PW), satisfaction (SA), and the moderating effect of health consciousness (HC) on re-patronage intentions (RI). Data were collected through a survey of 544 customers who frequently visited green hotels in Korea, and structural equation modeling (SEM) was used to test the research hypotheses. The findings generally supported the hypothesized associations of the study variables within our proposed theoretical framework (PS, PW, SF) in order of the mediating effect on RI and confirmed the moderating effect of HC. In addition, the study’s results have important theoretical and practical implications for the environment. In the former case, our results demonstrate the application of ART and NBS by explaining the effect of the relationship among PS, PW, and SF on RI and confirm the mediating effect of the ART (PS, PW, SF) on RI, as demonstrated in previous studies. Moreover, in the latter case our results may encourage green hotels to participate in the prevention of environmental problems. Full article
(This article belongs to the Topic Nature-Based Solutions)
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