Special Issue "Restore Degraded Marine Coastal Areas in the Mediterranean Sea"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 June 2021.
Interests: aquatic ecology and biology; mapping; monitoring; conservation and restoration of seagrasses
The Mediterranean Basin is considered one of the world most important hot spot for marine biodiversity. In the last century climate change combined with local anthropogenic stressors led to mortalities and dramatic loss of indigenous essential habitat forming species and associated biodiversity. Considering the relatively long time resilience of many of these species, active restoration appeared as one of the key actions to counteract biodiversity losses. In recent years there has been an upsurge in researches aimed at restoring degraded marine environments which has led to a proliferation of strategies and methodologies proposals attempted to enhance the effectiveness of restoration plans. However, the experiences carried out until now showed a very high variability of outcomes, depending on the species, the methodologies employed and the different environmental conditions encountered, making the issue of marine restoration still rather debated and far from the definition of a fully shared and standardized approach. Additional efforts are clear need to fill this gap, as recently recommended by United Nations (UN) General Assembly that declared 2021–2030 the "UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration", and soon after by the Commission to the European Parliament, the Council, the European Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of the Regions with “EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2030” COM(2020) 380 final.
This special issue aims to collect recent experiences dealing with restoration of the most important habitats of Mediterranean Sea. Review or research papers concerning restoration performance (success and failures), technologies employed, development of mapping and monitoring protocols and advances in biological, ecological and socio-economic knowledge applied to restoration are welcome.
Prof. Dr. Sebastiano Calvo
Prof. Dr. Agostino Tomasello
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Water is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- Seabed mapping
- Ecological restoration,
- Restoration planning
- Habitat recovery
- Marine coastal habitats
- Habitat formers
The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.
Jessica Pazzaglia1§, Hung Manh Nguyen1§, Alex Santillán-Sarmiento1, Miriam Ruocco1, Emanuela Dattolo1, Lázaro Marín-Guirao1,2†, Gabriele Procaccini1,†*
1 Stazione Zoologica Anton Dohrn, Villa Comunale, 80121 Napoli, Italy; [email protected] (J.P.); [email protected] (H.M.N.); [email protected] (A.S.S.); [email protected] (M.R.); [email protected] (E.D.)
2 Seagrass Ecology Group, Oceanographic Centre of Murcia, Spanish Institute of Oceanography, C/ Varadero, s30740 San Pedro del Pinatar, Murcia, Spain; [email protected]
* Correspondence: [email protected] ; Tel.: +39 081 5833363
- These authors have contributed equally to the work
† These authors have contributed equally to the work
Abstract: Seagrasses are marine flowering plants providing key ecological services and functions for the entire coastal marine environment. Increased environmental changes, both of natural and human origin, are affecting their existence, compromising natural habitats and ecosystems biodiversity and functions. In this context, restoration and preservation of disturbed environments is a priority worldwide, in order to turn back ecosystem degradation and species extinction. Besides the recognition of the importance of genetic assessment to perform a successful restoration project, it has been rarely taken in to consideration in seagrass restoration and preservation activities. In general, the genetic divergence between donor and transplantation sites, genetic polymorphism of transplanted material and local adaptation are some of the issues to consider. Genetic knowledge, for example, is required for the correct selection of the initial gene pool from the donor site, avoiding potential negative effects that can lead to genetic erosion processes. These issues can contribute also to develop monitoring plans, necessary to guarantee a successful reintroduction. Here, we first review genetic studies on seagrasses with special attention on seagrass restoration. Furthermore, legal and ethical issues, related to national and international restoration managements, are also discussed highlighting improvements and potential new directions to integrate in the genetic assessment. We conclude by discussing novel techniques to apply in genetic studies in seagrasses and, more importantly, their applications to the success of future seagrass restoration.
2. Restoration of seagrass meadows in the Mediterranean Sea: a critical review of effectiveness and ethical issues
Charles-François Boudouresque, Aurélie Blanfuné, Gérard Pergent and Thierry Thibaut.
3. Marine seagrasses transplantation in lagoon and confined Adriatic environments: methods and results
Summary: The anthropogenic pressures of the twentieth century have seriously endangered the Mediterranean coastal zone; as a consequence, marine seagrass habitats have strongly retreated, mostly of Posidonia oceanica. For this reason, over time, restoration programs have been put in place through transplantation, with different success. These actions have been conducted to a lesser extent with other Mediterranean marine phanerogams. The results of numerous transplant operations conducted in the Northern Adriatic Sea with P. oceanica, Cymodocea nodosa, Zostera marina and Z. noltei are presented and compared, taking also into account the extensive meadows of the last three macrophytes mentioned, along the North Adriatic coasts and lagoons.