Special Issue "Satellite Remote Sensing and Analyses of Climate Variability"
Deadline for manuscript submissions: closed (15 February 2019).
Interests: climatology; meteorology; radiation; micro-meteorology; hydrology; satellite meteorology; glacio-meteorology
Interests: remote sensing; LiDAR; polar meteorology; atmospheric boundary layer; surface fluxes; evapotranspiration
Before satellite remote sensed data became available, climate and climate change was limited to ground based observations and a few of such ground based observations went back in time for more than a century. The aerial coverage varied widely, was relatively good in populated areas, e.g. Europe, but was mostly missing in the Polar Regions and over the oceans. Early in the 20th century, the available station data were used to develop climatology for different continents, the climate classification developed by Köppen in 1936 being the most sophisticated, as it was not only based on temperature, but also on precipitation..
Over the last few decades, remotely sensed data became available with satellites being dominantly used as platform. The first satellite based sensors were relative fairly simple, both in resolution and sophistication. By now sensors measure in various regions of the visible spectrum as well as in infrared and microwave region, the latter one being able to look through clouds. In addition, the resolution has increased drastically, and can be as low as a few meters. These data allow us to observe over different time scales and over various areas from small watersheds to continents “Climate Variability”.
In this Special Issue of Water we welcome papers based on observations, from small watersheds to continents, from diurnal variations to multi-year changes, and from polar to tropical
climate conditions. Further, water will be considered in its three phases, from changes in the solid (glaciers, sea ice, snow fall), changes in the liquid form (rain fall, sea level change, run-off, basins), to water vapor (evapotranspiration, changes in water content of the atmosphere).
Prof. Dr. Gerd Wendler
Dr. Gilberto J. Fochesatto
Manuscript Submission Information
Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.
Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Water is an international peer-reviewed open access semimonthly journal published by MDPI.
Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 2000 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.
- surface temperature
- cloud macrophysics
- radiation sensing
- sea ice
- basins, from small watersheds to continents