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Special Issue "Effects of Oceanic-Atmospheric Oscillations on Rivers"

A special issue of Water (ISSN 2073-4441). This special issue belongs to the section "Hydrology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 December 2019.

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Prof. Dariusz Wrzesiński

Adam Mickiewicz University (UAM), Department of Hydrology and Water Management
Website | E-Mail
Interests: Hydroclimatology, AMO NAO EA teleconnections; Climate change; Time series analysis; River regime; Entropy, Water resource management; Water balance; Watershed hydrology; Watershed Management; Lakes
Guest Editor
Dr. Leszek Sobkowiak

Adam Mickiewicz University (UAM), Department of Hydrology and Water Management
Website | E-Mail
Interests: climate change; time series analysis; river regime; water resources management; water balance; watershed hydrology; watershed management; China

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Under the influence of the changing climatic conditions caused by the varying intensity of macroscale types of circulation, a river regime may be destabilized and changed into another, sometimes with distinct regularities in the seasonality of high and low waters, thus disturbing the previously established hydro-ecological and water use conditions. Many naturally occurring ocean–atmosphere oscillations in the Pacific, Atlantic, and Indian oceans have been recognized and named. Some of them have a strong impact on climate and weather patterns in many regions of the world. The phenomenon produces marked effects on the various physical processes that govern the surface hydrometeorology of the study area, mainly temperature, precipitation and streamflow. From both a scientific and a practical point of view it is important to investigate in such a way as to enable the identification of flood- and drought-generating processes and their possible linkages with disturbances in ocean behavior. The effect of the research should be to determine the spatial extent and strength of the impact of these phenomena on river hydrology in different regions of the world, mainly in terms of the transformation of the hydrological regime and volume of water resources, their stability, predictability and temporal and spatial changes.

Prof. Dariusz Wrzesiński
Dr. Leszek Sobkowiak 
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Water is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • AMO NAO ENSO PDO QBO teleconnections
  • Climate change
  • Time series analysis
  • River regime
  • Water resource management
  • Hydrological modeling
  • Hydrologic and water resource modeling and simulation
  • Water balance
  • Watershed hydrology
  • Rainfall runoff modelling
  • Lakes
  • Oceanography
  • Surface water

Published Papers (6 papers)

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Research

Open AccessFeature PaperArticle
Relationship between Water Temperature of Polish Rivers and Large-Scale Atmospheric Circulation
Water 2019, 11(8), 1690; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11081690
Received: 30 May 2019 / Revised: 30 July 2019 / Accepted: 12 August 2019 / Published: 15 August 2019
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Abstract
The objective of the paper consisted in determining the effect of macroscale types of NAO, AO, EA, EAWR, SCAND, and AMO atmospheric circulation on changes in water temperature in Polish rivers. The study has made use of a broad body of hydrometeorological materials [...] Read more.
The objective of the paper consisted in determining the effect of macroscale types of NAO, AO, EA, EAWR, SCAND, and AMO atmospheric circulation on changes in water temperature in Polish rivers. The study has made use of a broad body of hydrometeorological materials covering daily water temperature values for 96 water gauge stations located on 53 rivers and air temperature values for 43 meteorological stations. Percentage shares of positive and negative coefficients of correlation of annual, seasonal, and monthly circulation type indices with air and river water temperature were determined, demonstrating the character of teleconnection. Determinations were made of water temperature deviations in positive and negative phases of the analyzed indices from average values from the years 1971–2015, and their statistical significance ascertained. Research has shown that relations between the temperature of river waters in Poland and macroscale circulation types are not strong, however they are noticeable, sometimes even statistically significant, and both temporally and spatially diverse. NAO, AO, EA, and AMO indices are characterized by a generally positive correlation with temperature, whereas SCAND and EWAR indices are characterized by a negative correlation. Research showed a varying impact of types of atmospheric circulation, with their effectiveness increasing in the winter season. The strongest impact on temperature was observed for the positive and negative NAO and AO phases, when deviations of water temperature from average values are correspondingly higher (up to 1.0 °C) and lower (by a maximum of 1.5 °C), and also for the positive and negative SCAND phases, when water temperature are correspondingly lower (by a maximum of 0.8 °C) and higher (by 1.2 °C) than average values. The strongest impact on water temperature in summer, mainly in July, was observed for AMO. The results point to the complexity of processes determining the thermal regime of rivers and to the possibility of additional factors—both regional and local—exerting an influence on their temporal and spatial variability. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Effects of Oceanic-Atmospheric Oscillations on Rivers)
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Open AccessArticle
Effect of the North Atlantic Thermohaline Circulation on Changes in Climatic Conditions and River Flow in Poland
Water 2019, 11(8), 1622; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11081622
Received: 24 May 2019 / Revised: 24 July 2019 / Accepted: 1 August 2019 / Published: 6 August 2019
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Abstract
The purpose of this study is to find connections between the North Atlantic Thermohaline Circulation (NA THC), climate elements, such as cloud cover, precipitation, air temperature, sunshine duration, and relative humidity, and flow of rivers in Poland. The intensity of NA THC was [...] Read more.
The purpose of this study is to find connections between the North Atlantic Thermohaline Circulation (NA THC), climate elements, such as cloud cover, precipitation, air temperature, sunshine duration, and relative humidity, and flow of rivers in Poland. The intensity of NA THC was characterized by the DG3L index, which was established to assess changes in the amount of heat transported by NA THC along with the transport of water to the Arctic. The paper explains and discusses the mechanism of impact of the NA THC changeability on the elements of the catchment water balance variability. The positive and negative phases of the DG3L index are strongly correlated with the heat anomalies in the upper layer of the North Atlantic waters. The obtained results show that changes of NA THC have significant impact on weather conditions and selected climate elements in Poland. Statistically significant positive correlations were found between the DG3L index and average annual air temperatures, particularly in April, July, and August, while negative between the DG3L index and the total cloud cover. Consequently, in the years with the positive values of the DG3L index, there are favorable conditions for the strong increase in evaporation and evapotranspiration from the ground surface. This has impact on flow of rivers in Poland, which shows considerable regional differences. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Effects of Oceanic-Atmospheric Oscillations on Rivers)
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Open AccessArticle
Classification of Synoptic Conditions of Summer Floods in Polish Sudeten Mountains
Water 2019, 11(7), 1450; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11071450
Received: 24 May 2019 / Revised: 12 July 2019 / Accepted: 12 July 2019 / Published: 13 July 2019
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Abstract
Atmospheric processes leading to extreme floods in the Polish Sudeten Mountains were described in this study. A direct impact of heavy precipitation on extremely high runoff episodes was confirmed, and an essential role of synoptic conditions in triggering abundant rainfall was proved. Synoptic [...] Read more.
Atmospheric processes leading to extreme floods in the Polish Sudeten Mountains were described in this study. A direct impact of heavy precipitation on extremely high runoff episodes was confirmed, and an essential role of synoptic conditions in triggering abundant rainfall was proved. Synoptic conditions preceding each flood event were taken into consideration and the evolution of the pressure field as well as the moisture transport was investigated using the anomaly-based method. Maps of anomalies, constructed for the days prior to floods, enabled recognizing an early formation of negative centers of sea level pressure and also allowed distinguishing areas of positive departures of precipitable water content over Europe. Five cyclonic circulation patterns of different origin, and various extent and intensity, responsible for heavy, flood-triggering precipitation in the Sudetes, were assigned. Most rain-bringing cyclones form over the Mediterranean Sea and some of them over the Atlantic Ocean. A meridional southern transport of moisture was identified in most of the analyzed cases of floods. Recognizing the specific meteorological mechanisms of precipitation enhancement, involving evolution of pressure patterns, change in atmospheric moisture and occurrence of precipitation may contribute to a better understanding of the atmospheric forcing of floods in mountain areas and to improve predicting thereof. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Effects of Oceanic-Atmospheric Oscillations on Rivers)
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Open AccessArticle
Climate Variability and Floods—A Global Review
Water 2019, 11(7), 1399; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11071399
Received: 30 May 2019 / Revised: 1 July 2019 / Accepted: 4 July 2019 / Published: 7 July 2019
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Abstract
There is a strong inter-annual and inter-decadal variability in time series of flood-related variables, such as intense precipitation, high river discharge, flood magnitude, and flood loss at a range of spatial scales. Perhaps part of this variability is random or chaotic, but it [...] Read more.
There is a strong inter-annual and inter-decadal variability in time series of flood-related variables, such as intense precipitation, high river discharge, flood magnitude, and flood loss at a range of spatial scales. Perhaps part of this variability is random or chaotic, but it is quite natural to seek driving factors, in a statistical sense. It is likely that climate variability (atmosphere–ocean oscillation) track plays an important role in the interpretation of the variability of flood-related characteristics, globally and, even more so, in several regions. The aim of this review paper is to create an inventory of information on spatially and temporally organized links of various climate-variability drivers with variability of characteristics of water abundance reported in scientific literature for a range of scales, from global to local. The climate variability indices examined in this paper are: El Niño-Southern Oscillations (ENSO), North Atlantic Oscillations (NAO), Atlantic Multi-decadal Oscillation (AMO), and Pacific Decadal Oscillations (PDO). A meta-analysis of results from many studies reported in scientific literature was carried out. The published results were collected and classified into categories after regions, climate variability modes, as well as flood-related variables: precipitation, river flow, and flood losses. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Effects of Oceanic-Atmospheric Oscillations on Rivers)
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Open AccessFeature PaperArticle
Links between Teleconnection Patterns and Water Level Regime of Selected Polish Lakes
Water 2019, 11(7), 1330; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11071330
Received: 30 May 2019 / Revised: 25 June 2019 / Accepted: 25 June 2019 / Published: 27 June 2019
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Abstract
The paper identifies relationships between lake water levels and indices of macroscale atmospheric circulations: Arctic Oscillation (AO), North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), East Atlantic (EA), and Scandinavian pattern (SCAND). Correlation coefficients between synchronous and asynchronous series of monthly water levels and 4 circulation indices [...] Read more.
The paper identifies relationships between lake water levels and indices of macroscale atmospheric circulations: Arctic Oscillation (AO), North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), East Atlantic (EA), and Scandinavian pattern (SCAND). Correlation coefficients between synchronous and asynchronous series of monthly water levels and 4 circulation indices were calculated. Based on Ward hierarchical grouping considering 156 correlation coefficients, the groups of lakes were designated due to the strength and term of relation of circulation indices with lake water levels. It was found that these links are not strong but noticeable. The strength of relationships varies in space and time, and the designated groups of lakes refer not only to the climatic diversity of the studied area, but also to some extent to the types of water levels regime. The observed relationships are the most important in the case of AO and NAO (particularly in winter period), and slightly weaker for EA and SCAND. The analysis used mean monthly water levels of 15 lakes in northern Poland from 1976–2015. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Effects of Oceanic-Atmospheric Oscillations on Rivers)
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Open AccessArticle
Probabilistic Assessment of Correlations of Water Levels in Polish Coastal Lakes with Sea Water Level with the Application of Archimedean Copulas
Water 2019, 11(6), 1292; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11061292
Received: 29 May 2019 / Revised: 14 June 2019 / Accepted: 18 June 2019 / Published: 20 June 2019
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Abstract
The hydrology of coastal lakes differs significantly from that of inland water bodies due to the influence of the neighboring sea. Observed climatic changes are expected to enhance the effect of the sea on coastal lake ecosystems, which makes research on sea–lake interactions [...] Read more.
The hydrology of coastal lakes differs significantly from that of inland water bodies due to the influence of the neighboring sea. Observed climatic changes are expected to enhance the effect of the sea on coastal lake ecosystems, which makes research on sea–lake interactions even more significant. In this study, on the basis of maximum annual and monthly values of water level, dependencies among the water levels of six lakes located along the southern coast of the Baltic Sea in Poland, and the Baltic Sea water levels were analyzed. First, the Spearman rank correlation and the linear regression method were applied. Then, selected copulas were used to find joint distributions of the studied time series. In the next stage, the degrees of synchronous and asynchronous occurrences of maximum water levels in lakes and the sea were calculated. The study revealed that correlations between the maximum annual water levels in coastal lakes and in the Baltic Sea in the selected gauge stations were very strong and statistically significant. These results were confirmed by a synchronicity analysis carried out with the help of a copula function. The highest relationship was detected in the case of Lake Resko Przymorskie (correlation coefficient 0.86, synchronicity 75.18%), while the lowest were observed in Lakes Jamno (0.62 and 58.20%, respectively) and Bukowo (0.60 and 56.82%, respectively). The relation strength between maximum water levels of the sea and coastal lakes may increase in the future due to sea level rises caused by climate warming. Full article
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Effects of Oceanic-Atmospheric Oscillations on Rivers)
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