E-Mail Alert

Add your e-mail address to receive forthcoming issues of this journal:

Journal Browser

Journal Browser

Special Issue "Impact of Farmland Abandonment on Water Resources and Soil Conservation"

A special issue of Water (ISSN 2073-4441). This special issue belongs to the section "Hydrology".

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 June 2019

Special Issue Editors

Guest Editor
Dr. Noemí Lana-Renault

Universidad de La Rioja, Departamento de Ciencias Humanas, Logrono, Spain
Website | E-Mail
Interests: catchment hydrology; soil erosion and sediment transfer; farmland abandonment; mountain areas; natural resources
Guest Editor
Dr. Estela Nadal Romero

Universidad de Zaragoza, Departamento de Geografía y Ordenación del Territorio, Zaragoza, Spain
Website | E-Mail
Interests: catchment hydrology; soil erosion and sediment yield; geomorphological dynamics; global change; badlands, afforestation; Mediterranean area
Guest Editor
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Erik Cammeraat

Universiteit van Amsterdam, Institute for Biodiversity and Ecosystem Dynamics, Amsterdam, The Netherlands
E-Mail
Guest Editor
Dr. José Ángel Llorente

Universidad de La Rioja, Departamento de Ciencias Humanas, Logrono, Spain
E-Mail

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

Farmland abandonment is one of the major land use changes in many rural territories, especially in mountainous regions. Without intervention (passive land management), farmland abandonment leads to an expansion of shrubs and forest on formerly cultivated hillslopes and grazing areas. In some cases, extensive afforestation programs have been undertaken by forest services to improve the use of abandoned land as a resource and to control hydrological and soil erosion processes. In other cases, shrub clearing in selected abandoned land has been conducted in order to generate pastures and reduce wildfire risk.

All these land use changes affect the hydrological and geomorphological dynamics of slopes and channels, with important implications for water resources and soil conservation. In some regions, this is particularly critical since abandoned areas are usually located in the uplands, which are the main sources of water for the lowlands, where the demands are concentrated. However, the heterogeneity of abandoned scenarios makes the assessment of farmland abandonment on water resources and soil conservation challenging.

In this Special Issue we would like to invite papers that look into the hydrological and geomorphological consequences of farmland abandonment in one (or several) of these abandoned scenarios. This topic can be studied at different spatial scales (plot, catchment, regional), and they are all welcome. Our final purpose is to help water and land managers to select the most sustainable strategy (in terms of water resources and soil conservation) for the land management of marginal rural areas.

Dr. Noemí Lana-Renault
Dr. Estela Nadal Romero
Assoc. Prof. Dr. Erik Cammeraat
Dr. José Ángel Llorente
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All papers will be peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Water is an international peer-reviewed open access monthly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1600 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • land use change
  • farmland abandonment
  • mountain area
  • water resources
  • soil conservation
  • land management

Published Papers (2 papers)

View options order results:
result details:
Displaying articles 1-2
Export citation of selected articles as:

Research

Open AccessArticle Impact of Farmland Abandonment on Water Resources and Soil Conservation in Citrus Plantations in Eastern Spain
Water 2019, 11(4), 824; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11040824
Received: 28 March 2019 / Revised: 12 April 2019 / Accepted: 17 April 2019 / Published: 19 April 2019
PDF Full-text (2339 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
Due to the reduction in the prices of oranges on the market and social changes such as the ageing of the population, traditional orange plantation abandonment in the Mediterranean is taking place. Previous research on land abandonment impact on soil and water resources [...] Read more.
Due to the reduction in the prices of oranges on the market and social changes such as the ageing of the population, traditional orange plantation abandonment in the Mediterranean is taking place. Previous research on land abandonment impact on soil and water resources has focused on rainfed agriculture abandonment, but there is no research on irrigated land abandonment. In the Valencia Region—the largest producer of oranges in Europe—abandonment is resulting in a quick vegetation recovery and changes in soil properties, and then in water erosion. Therefore, we performed rainfall simulation experiments (0.28 m2; 38.8 mm h−1) to determine the soil losses in naveline orange plantations with different ages of abandonment (1, 2, 3, 5, 7 and 10 years of abandonment) which will allow for an understanding of the temporal changes in soil and water losses after abandonment. Moreover, these results were also compared with an active plantation (0). The results show that the soils of the active orange plantations have higher runoff discharges and higher erosion rates due to the use of herbicides than the plots after abandonment. Once the soil is abandoned for one year, the plant recovery reaches 33% of the cover and the erosion rate drops one order of magnitude. This is related to the delay in the runoff generation and the increase in infiltration rates. After 2, 3, 5, 7 and 10 years, the soil reduced bulk density, increase in organic matter, plant cover, and soil erosion rates were found negligible. We conclude that the abandonment of orange plantations reduces soil and water losses and can serve as a nature-based solution to restore the soil services, goods, and resources. The reduction in the soil losses was exponential (from 607.4 g m−2 in the active plot to 7.1 g m−2 in the 10-year abandoned one) but the water losses were linear (from 77.2 in active plantations till 12.8% in the 10-year abandoned ones). Full article
Figures

Figure 1

Open AccessArticle Effects of Different Land Uses (Abandoned Farmland, Intensive Agriculture and Forest) on Soil Hydrological Properties in Southern Spain
Water 2019, 11(3), 503; https://doi.org/10.3390/w11030503
Received: 2 February 2019 / Revised: 26 February 2019 / Accepted: 6 March 2019 / Published: 11 March 2019
PDF Full-text (1468 KB) | HTML Full-text | XML Full-text
Abstract
A detailed knowledge of soil water repellency (SWR) and water infiltration capacity of soils under different land uses is of fundamental importance in Mediterranean areas, since these areas are prone to soil degradation risks (e.g., erosion, runoff of polluting compounds) as a response [...] Read more.
A detailed knowledge of soil water repellency (SWR) and water infiltration capacity of soils under different land uses is of fundamental importance in Mediterranean areas, since these areas are prone to soil degradation risks (e.g., erosion, runoff of polluting compounds) as a response to different hydrological processes. The present study evaluates the effects of land uses on SWR and soil hydraulic conductivity (SHC) by direct measurements at the plot scale in three areas representing (1) intensive agricultural use, (2) abandoned farmland, and (3) a forest ecosystem in Southern Spain under Mediterranean climatic conditions. The physico-chemical properties and water content of the experimental soils were also measured. Significant SWR and SHC differences were found among the analyzed land uses. Forest soils showed high SWR and low SHC, while the reverse effects (that is, low SWR and high SHC) were detected in soils subjected to intensive agriculture. Organic matter and bulk density were important soil properties influencing SWR and SHC. The study, demonstrating how land uses can have important effects on the hydrological characteristics of soils, give land managers insights into the choice of the most suitable land use planning strategies in view of facing the high runoff and erosion rates typical of the Mediterranean areas. Full article
Figures

Graphical abstract

Planned Papers

The below list represents only planned manuscripts. Some of these manuscripts have not been received by the Editorial Office yet. Papers submitted to MDPI journals are subject to peer-review.

Title: Propects of alternative land management on fire-prone sites in NW Portugal under global change
Authors: A.V. Pastor; JP Nunes, R.; Ciampalini, M.; Koopmans, J.; Baartman, S.; Follain, Y.; LeBissonnais, D. Raclot.

Title: How agricultural terraces modify connectivity and how is reversed the effect with their degradation
Authors: A. Calvo-Cases; A. Calsamiglia; J. Fortesa; J. Garcia-Comendador; J.A. López-Tarazón; J. Estrany.

Title: Soil quality changes from cultivation to abandoned and afforested ecogeomorphologic conditions in mediterranean mountains (southern spain): implications in the context of global change
Authors: José A. Sillero; Paloma Hueso-González; Juan F. Martínez-Murillo; José D. Ruiz-Sinoga.

Title: Farmland abandonment effects on soil repellence and water infiltration capacity in Southern Spain.
Authors: Lucas-Borja, M.E.; Plaza-Álvarez, P.A.; Zema, D.; González-Romero, J.; Moya D.; De las Heras, J.

Title: The impact of citrus plantation abandonment on runoff generation and soil detachment in Eastern Spain.
Authors: David Salesa, Antonio Giménez, Enric Terol  and A. Cerdá

Title: Solute outputs under different land uses: long-term results from a Mediterranean mountain experimental station.
Authors: Khorchani, M., Nadal-Romero, E., Lasanta, T., García-Ruiz, J.M.

Title: Dynamics of runoff and soil erosion on abandoned steep vineyards in the Mosel area, Germany.
Authors: 
Manuel Seeger, Thomas Iserloh, Johannes B. Ries

Title:  Investigation on farmland abandonment of terraces slopes using multitemporal data
sources comparison and its implication on hydro-geomorphological processes
Authors:  G. Pepe, A. Mandarino, P. Brandolini, A. Cevasco, M. Firpo

Water EISSN 2073-4441 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top