Special Issue "Climate Proof Territories. An Interdisciplinary Approach to Urban Resilience"

A special issue of Urban Science (ISSN 2413-8851).

Deadline for manuscript submissions: 31 July 2022 | Viewed by 3650

Special Issue Editors

Prof. Carmela Mariano
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
Dipartimento di Pianificazione, Design, Tecnologia dell'Architettura, Università di Roma La Sapienza, Roma, Italy
Interests: urban and regional planning; metropolitan government; urban regeneration; public space; climate-proof planning; urban project
Dr. Giovanna Pisacane
E-Mail Website
Guest Editor
SSPT-MET-CLIM, ENEA, Italian National Agency for New Technologies, Energy and Sustainable Economic Development, S.M. di Galeria, 00123 Roma, Italy
Interests: climate change; Mediterranean climate; climate change impacts; numerical modeling

Special Issue Information

Dear Colleagues,

We would like to invite you to contribute to the Special Issue “Climate proof territories. An interdisciplinary approach to urban resilience”, to be published in MDPI Open Access Journal Urban Science.

This Special Issue aims to present state-of-the-art research from multiple disciplines that address the urban environment and its sustainability, and to integrate different strands of research into a coherent common framework, thus accounting for the complex interactions and interconnections of the different components and scales involved. Indeed, in endeavoring to understand the processes that shape and sustain contemporary cities, urban science needs to develop beyond the limits and abilities of any single research community, to develop a formal transdisciplinary reference theory and analytical methods for the city as a unit of analysis, by confronting and synthetizing the knowledge arising from the socioeconomic, planning, architectural, engineering, physical, natural and computational sciences.

In addition to the social and environmental stressors that have long been acknowledged to affect urban areas, IPCC Reports (https://www.ipcc.ch/) have unequivocally identified cities as exposed and vulnerable to climate change, and liable to be subject to the projected impacts of sea level rise and of an increased frequency of extreme events, such as heatwaves and floods. At the same time, due to their high population density and concentration of human activities, cities are themselves major contributors to greenhouse gas emissions. It is therefore urgent that specific planning strategies are developed and implemented, jointly addressing both mitigation and adaptation targets, highlighting potential synergies, and resolving conflicts and trade-offs.

This Special Issue encourages submissions that are oriented to promote a transdisciplinary approach to the climate-proof planning and management of cities, including, but not limited to, the following topics:

  • Characterization of the urban environment via ground- and satellite-based techniques for knowledge-based preventive risk analysis;
  • The use of innovative computing platforms to manage and process huge volumes of data, both socio-economic and environmental, regarding the built environment, and the creation of updated open databases by public administrations;
  • The definition of efficient inclusion and integration paths for stakeholders to participate in the definition and implementation of feasible and effective policies;
  • Numerical modelling of the urban climate as a constituent of preparatory environmental assessments in support of adaptive urban development;
  • The integration of monitoring techniques, numerical modelling and policy planning;
  • The replicability of approaches and methodologies in contexts exposed to similar hazards or characterized by similar vulnerabilities;
  • The implications of scale complexities and interactions for future governance of the urban environment: social and administrative limitations and potential responses, with special focus on local urban plans as a privileged instrument to design climate change mitigation and/or adaptation strategies.

Prof. Carmela Mariano
Dr. Giovanna Pisacane
Guest Editors

Manuscript Submission Information

Manuscripts should be submitted online at www.mdpi.com by registering and logging in to this website. Once you are registered, click here to go to the submission form. Manuscripts can be submitted until the deadline. All submissions that pass pre-check are peer-reviewed. Accepted papers will be published continuously in the journal (as soon as accepted) and will be listed together on the special issue website. Research articles, review articles as well as short communications are invited. For planned papers, a title and short abstract (about 100 words) can be sent to the Editorial Office for announcement on this website.

Submitted manuscripts should not have been published previously, nor be under consideration for publication elsewhere (except conference proceedings papers). All manuscripts are thoroughly refereed through a single-blind peer-review process. A guide for authors and other relevant information for submission of manuscripts is available on the Instructions for Authors page. Urban Science is an international peer-reviewed open access quarterly journal published by MDPI.

Please visit the Instructions for Authors page before submitting a manuscript. The Article Processing Charge (APC) for publication in this open access journal is 1200 CHF (Swiss Francs). Submitted papers should be well formatted and use good English. Authors may use MDPI's English editing service prior to publication or during author revisions.

Keywords

  • climate-proof urban planning
  • urban resilience
  • local plan
  • nature-based solutions
  • urban climate
  • environmental monitoring
  • numerical modelling
  • Big Data
  • social-ecological systems
  • mitigation
  • adaptation
  • sustainability

Published Papers (4 papers)

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Research

Article
Designing Urban Green Infrastructures Using Open-Source Data—An Example in Çiğli, Izmir (Turkey)
Urban Sci. 2022, 6(3), 42; https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci6030042 - 23 Jun 2022
Viewed by 288
Abstract
The city of Izmir (Turkey) has experienced one of the most rapid and fastest urbanization processes in the last thirty years; more than 33 thousand hectares of agricultural and seminatural land have been transformed into urban areas, leading to a drastic reduction of [...] Read more.
The city of Izmir (Turkey) has experienced one of the most rapid and fastest urbanization processes in the last thirty years; more than 33 thousand hectares of agricultural and seminatural land have been transformed into urban areas, leading to a drastic reduction of biodiversity and hard deployments of the ecosystem service supply. In this perspective, the potential definition of methodologies to design multifunctional green infrastructures is extremely important to challenge the effects of climate change. The aim of this study is to propose an easy and replicable methodology to design a Green Infrastructure at the neighbourhood level in one of the most important districts of Izmir: Çiğli. To this end, we combined historical land-use change analysis (based on Urban Atlas, Copernicus Land Monitoring Service) with environmental and ecosystem mapping in a Geographic Information System environment (ESRI ArcMap 10.8.1) while creating a composite layer based on unweighted overlays of Imperviousness, Tree Cover Density, and Habitat Quality. Results were used to design the Green Infrastructure of Çiğli and suggest context-based strategies for urban adaptation, including Nature-Based Solutions for core, edge, and urban links. Full article
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Article
Spatio-Temporal Responses of Precipitation to Urbanization with Google Earth Engine: A Case Study for Lagos, Nigeria
Urban Sci. 2022, 6(2), 40; https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci6020040 - 07 Jun 2022
Viewed by 580
Abstract
Lagos, Nigeria, is considered a rapidly growing urban hub. This study focuses on an urban development characterization with remote sensing-based variables for Lagos as well as understanding spatio-temporal precipitation responses to the changing intensity of urban development. Initially, a harmonic analysis showed an [...] Read more.
Lagos, Nigeria, is considered a rapidly growing urban hub. This study focuses on an urban development characterization with remote sensing-based variables for Lagos as well as understanding spatio-temporal precipitation responses to the changing intensity of urban development. Initially, a harmonic analysis showed an increase in yearly precipitation of about 3 mm from 1992 to 2018 for the lower bound of the fitted curve and about 2 mm for the upper bound. The yearly total precipitation revealed no significant trend based on the Mann–Kendall trend test. Subsequent analyses first involved characterizing urbanization based on nighttime light and population density data and then combined them together for the final analysis. Each time, the study area was subdivided into four zones: Zone 0, Zone 1, Zone 2, and Zone 3, which refer to non-urbanized, low-urbanized, mid-urbanized, and highly urbanized regions, respectively. The results from the Google Earth Engine-based analysis uncovered that only Zone 1 has a statistical monotonic increasing precipitation trend (Tau 0.29) with a 0.03 significance level when the combined criteria were applied. There is about a 200 mm precipitation increase in Zone 1. Insignificant patterns for the other three zones (Zone 2, Zone 3, and Zone 4) indicate that these trends are not consistent, they might change over time, and fluctuate heavily. Full article
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Article
Ecosystem Services Analysis and Design through Nature-Based Solutions in Urban Planning at a Neighbourhood Scale
Urban Sci. 2022, 6(1), 23; https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci6010023 - 13 Mar 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1113
Abstract
The new frontiers of sustainable cities should focus on urban planning tools and strategies that are able to integrate ecosystem services in urban development. An important step could include the design of nature-based solutions (NbSs) for introducing important ecological functions aiding human well-being [...] Read more.
The new frontiers of sustainable cities should focus on urban planning tools and strategies that are able to integrate ecosystem services in urban development. An important step could include the design of nature-based solutions (NbSs) for introducing important ecological functions aiding human well-being and mitigating the loss of soil. In this study, we propose a methodology to analyse, in a spatial way, the effect of land use scenarios generated by urban planning in the provision of ecosystem services. The methodology analyses the variation of ecosystem services, considering the ecosystem services of the study area and their potential roles in changing the functions of planned urban actions as the starting point. One scenario of analysis includes the integration of NbSs into urban planning. The case study is that of a peri-urban area, characterized by an agroecosystem, which is intended for urban development in the municipality of Gallipoli, Southern Italy. The analysis highlights a low provision of ecosystem services by the agroecosystem, which has had the effect of important olive trees being destroyed by Xylella fastidiosa bacteria. Thus, the integration of NbSs and reducing the construction of buildings in the urban neighbourhood plan could improve the quantity of ecosystem services in the area. Moreover, the ecological design of ecosystem services could improve the typology of ecosystem services provision in the area in consideration of the starting points. Therefore, the analysis of the capacity to integrate ecosystem services in urban planning at the neighbourhood scale could be a tool of ecological urban design, useful to support the decision-making processes. Full article
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Article
Integrating Ecosystem Vulnerability in the Environmental Regulation Plan of Izmir (Turkey)—What Are the Limits and Potentialities?
Urban Sci. 2022, 6(1), 19; https://doi.org/10.3390/urbansci6010019 - 08 Mar 2022
Cited by 1 | Viewed by 1078
Abstract
The land-use regulatory framework in Turkey is composed of several hierarchical plans. The Environmental Regulation Plan pursues comprehensive planning management, which ranges between 1/100,000 and 1/25,000 and defines the framework for local master plans. Unfortunately, there is scarce knowledge of how these plans [...] Read more.
The land-use regulatory framework in Turkey is composed of several hierarchical plans. The Environmental Regulation Plan pursues comprehensive planning management, which ranges between 1/100,000 and 1/25,000 and defines the framework for local master plans. Unfortunately, there is scarce knowledge of how these plans effectively protect the environment. Besides, these plans have poor consideration of socio-economic dynamics and the ecosystem vulnerability, while evaluating the actual conflicts or synergies within the localization of ecological conservation and settlement expansion areas. In this work, an ecosystem-based geodatabase was created for the western Izmir area (Turkey). The dataset has been created by employing a supervised classification sampling of Sentinel-2 images acquired on 28 March 2021, while accessing ONDA-DIAS services to L2C products. Then, the InVEST software was used to map the Habitat Quality and the Habitat Decay, while the ArcMap raster analysis tool was employed to generate the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index. The results were used to classify the ecosystem vulnerability of the western metropolitan area of Izmir and then superimposed to the Environmental Regulation Plan of the city of Izmir (2021), thus evaluating synergies and conflicts. Although integration of the ecosystem services approach into spatial planning is lacking in the planning practice of Turkey, the paper provides an operative methodology to integrate ecosystem evaluation in environmental planning as a basic strategy to support sustainable development. Full article
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